Kerryn M Martin

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of pediatric disability. Its neurobehavioral sequelae can often be difficult to distinguish from premorbid problems. To establish the early neurobehavioral consequences of TBI, we compared a cohort of brain injured children with controls, individually matched on premorbid characteristics. Ninety-eight children,(More)
This study examined the ability of early measures of traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity to predict neurobehavioral and functional skill outcomes shortly after injury and at 1 year postinjury. Ninety-eight children aged 6 to 15 years with TBI were consecutively identified on presentation to two regional medical centers. Ten measures of TBI severity were(More)
We studied the effectiveness of two nonanatomical endoscopic dexterity training models: "Choose the Hole" and Dexter. Effectiveness was assessed in terms of time spent training, subjective rating, performance on an anatomical manikin, and clinical performance on fellow participants who acted as awake subjects. Forty-three anesthesia specialists, trainees,(More)
This study examined the roles of preinjury family and child functioning and injury severity in predicting 1-year outcomes and changes in academic performance and behavioral problems following childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). Families of 94 children (ages 6 to 15) with TBI (mild = 50, moderate = 25, severe = 19) were consecutively enrolled from(More)
This study examined changes in family functioning and predictors of family outcome during the year following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The families of 94 children with TBI (mild = 50, moderate = 25, severe = 19), ages six to 15, were consecutively enrolled from two regional medical centers. Family interview ratings and standard measures of family and(More)
This cohort study examined the neurobehavioral, academic, and "real world" consequences of mild, moderate, and severe traumatic brain injury in children at 3 years following the resolution of posttraumatic amnesia. Seventy-two children, aged 6 to 15 years at time of injury, were individually matched with controls on the basis of age, gender, school grade,(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine changes in family functioning from injury to 3 years after pediatric traumatic brain injury; to determine factors most predictive of family outcomes at 3 years and variables that promote positive outcomes and changes over time. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Two regional tertiary care centers: cases followed for 3 years(More)
As part of an ongoing longitudinal cohort study of children with mild, moderate, and severe traumatic brain injury and their matched controls, the neurobehavioral status of 94 case-control pairs was assessed one year after initial postinjury testing. There was a statistically significant dose-response association of severity with performance in all six(More)
This study examined changes in children's functioning in the year following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the preinjury family and injury factors most predictive of children's overall adaptive functioning and social competence at 1 year. Ninety-four children with TBI (mild = 50, moderate = 25, severe = 19) and their families were consecutively enrolled(More)
The outcome following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is controversial. We addressed this topic in a study of neurobehavioural and 'real-world' functioning among 53 children with mild TBI and their matched controls, using statistical methods recently developed for multiple comparisons. Because the study involved calculation of 414 p-values, four methods(More)