Kerry W. Ward

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We estimated kinetic parameters associated with methanol disposition in humans from data reported in the literature. Michaelis-Menten elimination parameters (Vmax = 115 mg/L/hr; Km = 460 mg/L) were selected for input into a semi-physiologic pharmacokinetic model. We used reported literature values for blood or urine methanol concentrations in humans and(More)
The toxicokinetics of methanol in female CD-1 mice and Sprague-Dawley rats were examined to explore the possibility of species differences in the disposition of the compound. Mice received a single dose of 2.5 g/kg methanol either po (by gavage) or i.v. (as a 1-min infusion). Rats received a single oral dose of 2.5 g/kg methanol. As expected, the(More)
Female CD-1 mice were exposed for 8 hr, both individually and in groups of eight to nine, to 2500, 5000, and 10,000 ppm methanol vapor in a flowthrough exposure chamber. The ventilation of individually exposed mice and the absorption of methanol from the chamber airstream were measured. The extraction of methanol from the airstream and the blood methanol(More)
Usage of information systems has moved increasingly from being an optional means of enhancing productivity to a required part of organisational jobs. However, prior research on technology acceptance has largely focused on volitional systems and on individual, rather than organisational factors that could influence technology acceptance and use. As a result,(More)
Methanol toxicokinetics were examined in pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats and CD-1 mice to explore the possibility of gestational-associated alterations in metabolism and disposition. In vitro biotransformation of methanol in rat and mouse fetal livers also was examined to assess the capability of the near-term rodent fetus to metabolize methanol. In the in(More)
Haloacetic acids (HAs) are embryotoxic contaminants commonly found in drinking water. The mechanism of HA embryotoxicity has not been defined, but may be mediated in part by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibition. This study was conducted to evaluate the pathogenesis of HA embryotoxicity, and to compare these data with those from specific (Bis I) and(More)
Our research addresses the issue of how a firm aligns its information systems (IS) with its business. We describe how a mid-sized manufacturer in the U.S. mid-west dealt with the alignment issue over the 15-year period from 1987 to 2002, and we use that knowledge to generate a new theory of alignment as guided adaptation. Our view is that changes in factors(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays a key role in signal transduction and is an important mediator of events throughout development. However, no information exists regarding the effect of a specific PKC inhibitor on mammalian embryogenesis during neurulation. This investigation was undertaken to examine the effects of a specific inhibitor of PKC, as well as(More)