Kerry W. S. Ko

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Atherosclerosis is now recognized as an inflammatory disease involving the vascular wall. Recent results indicate that acute inflammation does not simply passively resolve as previously assumed but is actively terminated by a homeostatic process that is governed by specific lipid-derived mediators initiated by lipoxygenases. Experiments with animals and(More)
During prion infections of the central nervous system (CNS) the cellular prion protein, PrP(C), is templated to a conformationally distinct form, PrP(Sc). Recent studies have demonstrated that the Sprn gene encodes a GPI-linked glycoprotein Shadoo (Sho), which localizes to a similar membrane environment as PrP(C) and is reduced in the brains of rodents with(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration is a strong predictor of atherosclerosis. However, to date, there is no in vivo evidence that CRP is proatherogenic. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of human CRP transgene (tg) expression, under basal and turpentine-stimulated conditions, on atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein (apo) E-/-(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the molecular mechanism of nicotine-accelerated atherosclerosis in a hyperlipidemic low-density lipoprotein receptor(-/-) mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS Low-density lipoprotein receptor(-/-) mice received time-release nicotine or placebo pellets for 90 days. Aortic lesion size was 2.5 times larger in nicotine-treated than in(More)
Mouse esterase-x/carboxylesterase 1 (Es-x/Ces1) is a close homolog of triacylglycerol hydrolase/carboxylesterase 3 (TGH/Ces3). Es-x possesses a conserved esterase/lipase active site motif, suggesting that like TGH it could play a role in hepatic triacylglycerol (TG) metabolism. McArdle-RH7777 cells stably transfected with Es-x cDNA accumulated significantly(More)
Endothelial lipase (EL) is a determinant of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) level, which is negatively correlated with atherosclerosis susceptibility. We found no difference in aortic atherosclerotic lesion areas between 26-week-old EL+/+ apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) and EL-/- apoE-/- mice. To more firmly establish the role of EL in(More)
Hepatic triacylglycerol levels are governed through synthesis, degradation and export of this lipid. Here we demonstrate that enforced expression of hepatic lipase in the endoplasmic reticulum in McArdle RH7777 hepatocytes resulted in a significant decrease in the incorporation of fatty acids into cellular triacylglycerol and cholesteryl ester accompanied(More)
AIMS Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a master regulator of T-cell development and homoeostasis. Increased IL-7 levels are associated with inflammatory diseases. The aims of this study were to determine whether IL-7 is a biomarker for inflammatory conditions or an active participant in atherogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Advanced atherosclerotic lesions in(More)
The insulin-induced translocation of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) from intracellular membranes to the cell surface in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was differentiation-dependent and did not occur in 3T3-L1 fibroblasts. Prompted by findings that the plasma membrane of 3T3-L1 adipocytes was rich in caveolae, we determined whether LRP1 became(More)
LRP1 [LDL (low-density lipoprotein) receptor-related protein 1]-null CHO cells (Chinese-hamster ovary cells) (13-5-1 cells) exhibited accelerated cell growth and severe tumour progression after they were xenografted into nude mice. Reconstitution of LRP1 expression in these cells, either with the full-length protein or with a minireceptor, reduced growth(More)