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Localization of dynein-green fluorescent protein (GFP) to cytoplasmic microtubules allowed us to obtain one of the first views of the dynamic properties of astral microtubules in live budding yeast. Several novel aspects of microtubule function were revealed by time-lapse, three-dimensional fluorescence microscopy. Astral microtubules, about four to six in(More)
Using green fluorescent protein probes and rapid acquisition of high-resolution fluorescence images, sister centromeres in budding yeast are found to be separated and oscillate between spindle poles before anaphase B spindle elongation. The rates of movement during these oscillations are similar to those of microtubule plus end dynamics. The degree of(More)
Point and regional centromeres specify a unique site on each chromosome for kinetochore assembly. The point centromere in budding yeast is a unique 150-bp DNA sequence, which supports a kinetochore with only one microtubule attachment. In contrast, regional centromeres are complex in architecture, can be up to 5 Mb in length, and typically support many(More)
BACKGROUND Eukaryotic cells localize selected mRNAs to a region of the cell as a means to sequester proteins. Signals within the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) facilitate mRNA localization by both actin and microtubule cytoskeletal systems. Recently, an mRNA in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ASH1, was shown to coalesce into a discrete particle that is(More)
Cse4 is the budding yeast homologue of CENP-A, a modified histone H3 that specifies the base of kinetochores in all eukaryotes. Budding yeast is unique in having only one kinetochore microtubule attachment site per centromere. The centromere is specified by CEN DNA, a sequence-specific binding complex (CBF3), and a Cse4-containing nucleosome. Here we(More)
Tagging expressed proteins with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from Aequorea victoria [1] is a highly specific and sensitive technique for studying the intracellular dynamics of proteins and organelles. We have developed, as a probe, a fusion protein of the carboxyl terminus of dynein and GFP (dynein-GFP), which fluorescently labels the astral(More)
With a single microtubule attachment, budding-yeast kinetochores provide an excellent system for understanding the coordinated linkage to dynamic microtubule plus ends for chromosome oscillation and positioning. Fluorescent tagging of kinetochore proteins indicates that, on average, all centromeres are clustered, distinctly separated from their sisters, and(More)
The kinetochore is a macromolecular protein machine [1] that links centromeric chromatin to the plus ends of one or more microtubules (MTs) and segregates chromosomes during cell division. Its core structure consists of eight multicomponent protein complexes, most of which are conserved in all eukaryotes. We use an in vivo two-color fluorescence microscopy(More)
In budding yeast, spindle polarity relies on a precise temporal program of cytoplasmic microtubule-cortex interactions throughout spindle assembly. Loss of Clb5-dependent kinase activity under conditions of attenuated Cdc28 function disrupts this program, resulting in diploid-specific lethality. Here we show that polarity loss is tolerated by haploids due(More)
During mitosis, sister chromatids congress to the spindle equator and are subsequently segregated via attachment to dynamic kinetochore microtubule (kMT) plus ends. A major question is how kMT plus-end assembly is spatially regulated to achieve chromosome congression. Here we find in budding yeast that the widely conserved kinesin-5 sliding motor proteins,(More)