Kerry R Delaney

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We have identified large-scale patterns of electrical activity in circuits that occur in response to stimulation of peripheral receptors. Our focus was on primary (S1) vibrissal cortex of anesthetized rat, and we used optical techniques in conjunction with voltage-sensitive dyes to measure depolarization of the upper layers of cortex. Displacement of one(More)
The mossy fiber synapse between dentate granule cells and CA3 pyramidal cells in the guinea pig hippocampus shows a robust short-term synaptic enhancement. We have simultaneously measured presynaptic residual free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and postsynaptic field potentials at this synapse to examine the role of [Ca2+]i in this enhancement. Single action potentials(More)
Augmentation and posttetanic potentiation--two forms of short-term synaptic enhancement produced by repetitive presynaptic action potentials--are dependent on the buildup and decay of nerve terminal residual calcium that occurs on the seconds to minutes time scale. With the goal of providing a quantitative understanding of these kinetics, we measured the(More)
Current therapeutic windows for effective application of thrombolytic agents are within 3-6 h of stroke. Although treatment can improve outcome, it is unclear what happens to synaptic fine structure during this critical period in vivo. The relationship between microcirculation and dendritic spine structure was determined in mouse somatosensory neurons(More)
We simultaneously measured presynaptic free calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) and synaptic strength at the crayfish claw opener neuromuscular junction (nmj) under a variety of experimental conditions. Our experiments were designed both to test the hypothesis that elevated [Ca2+]i is necessary and sufficient for the induction of a form of synaptic(More)
Developing hippocampal neurons in microisland culture undergo rapid and extensive transmitter release-dependent depression of evoked (phasic) excitatory synaptic activity in response to 1 sec trains of 20 Hz stimulation. Although evoked phasic release was attenuated by repeated stimuli, asynchronous (miniature like) release continued at a high rate(More)
1. The procerebral (PC) lobe of the terrestrial mollusk Limax maximus contains a highly interconnected network of local olfactory interneurons that receives ipsilateral axonal projections from superior and inferior noses. This network exhibits an approximately 0.7-Hz intrinsic oscillation in its local field potential (LFP). 2. Intracellular recordings show(More)
Fura-2 microfluorometric measurements of calcium concentrations in excitor motor nerve terminals of the first walking leg of crayfish Procambrus clarkii were made during application of serotonin (5-HT) to examine whether changes in residual calcium concentration or calcium influx are responsible for the 5-HT-induced increase in transmitter release at this(More)
The temporal dynamics of electrical activity in an olfactory organ, the procerebral lobe of the terrestrial mollusc Limax maximus, is studied. The lobe exhibits intrinsic oscillations in its field potential. Intracellular recordings show that the lobe contains two classes of neurons, both with activity phase-locked to the oscillation. Neurons in one class(More)
Recovery of function after stroke is thought to be dependent on the reorganization of adjacent, surviving areas of the brain. Macroscopic imaging studies (functional magnetic resonance imaging, optical imaging) have shown that peri-infarct regions adopt new functional roles to compensate for damage caused by stroke. To better understand the process by which(More)