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Weight stigma is associated with a range of negative outcomes, including disordered eating, but the psychological mechanisms underlying these associations are not well understood. The present study tested whether the association between weight stigma experiences and disordered eating behaviors (emotional eating, uncontrolled eating, and loss-of-control(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the strength of weight bias to other common biases, and to develop a psychometrically sound measure to assess and compare bias against different targets. SUBJECTS A total of 368 university students (75.4% women, 47.6% white, mean age: 21.53 years, mean body mass index (BMI): 23.01 kg/m(2)). MEASUREMENTS A measure was developed to(More)
Despite good theoretical and empirical rationale for assessing tendencies to make upward and downward physical appearance comparisons no measure for these specific constructs exists. The present work developed and tested the psychometric properties of upward and downward physical appearance comparison scales. The scales were administered to participants(More)
AIMS To examine the relationship between direct alcohol and non-alcohol sponsorship and drinking in Australian sportspeople. METHODS Australian sportspeople (N = 652; 51% female) completed questionnaires on alcohol and non-alcohol industry sponsorship (from bars, cafes etc.), drinking behaviour (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)) and known(More)
BACKGROUND Wholegrain intake is inversely related to weight gain over time, but little information is available on the role of pulses in weight control. OBJECTIVE To compare weight loss, metabolic outcomes, and nutrient intakes in obese people assigned to a diet rich in pulses and wholegrains or a control diet. METHODS Randomized controlled study of 18(More)
AIMS To examine the nature and extent of alcohol industry sponsorship of sportspeople, and its association with drinking. METHODS A purposive sample of participants (n = 1279) from various sporting codes were asked whether they personally, their team, or club received free and/or discounted alcohol or funding from an alcohol industry body (e.g. pub,(More)
AIM To examine whether receipt of alcohol industry sponsorship is associated with problematic drinking in UK university students who play sport. METHODS University students (n = 2450) participating in sports were invited to complete a pen-and-paper questionnaire by research staff approaching them at sporting facilities and in university settings.(More)
AIMS To examine the relationship between athlete drinking motives and hazardous drinking across differing levels of sporting participation (club vs elite-provincial vs elite-international). METHODS Data from 1214 New Zealand sportspeople was collected. We assessed hazardous drinking with the WHO's AUDIT questionnaire and sportspeople's psychosocial(More)
Research has shown that college students participating in athletics drink more than other students, yet relatively few studies have examined variables that are associated with alcohol-related outcomes among this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among trait urgency, general drinking motives and sport-related drinking(More)
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS In large population-based alcohol studies males are shown consistently to drink more, and more hazardously, than females. However, research from some countries suggests that gender differences in drinking are converging, with females drinking more than in the past. Large population-based research may miss gender-based changes in(More)