Kerry O'Brien

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AIMS To examine the relationship between athlete drinking motives and hazardous drinking across differing levels of sporting participation (club vs elite-provincial vs elite-international). METHODS Data from 1214 New Zealand sportspeople was collected. We assessed hazardous drinking with the WHO's AUDIT questionnaire and sportspeople's psychosocial(More)
Despite good theoretical and empirical rationale for assessing tendencies to make upward and downward physical appearance comparisons no measure for these specific constructs exists. The present work developed and tested the psychometric properties of upward and downward physical appearance comparison scales. The scales were administered to participants(More)
AIMS To examine the nature and extent of alcohol industry sponsorship of sportspeople, and its association with drinking. METHODS A purposive sample of participants (n = 1279) from various sporting codes were asked whether they personally, their team, or club received free and/or discounted alcohol or funding from an alcohol industry body (e.g. pub,(More)
Anti-fat sentiment is increasing, is prevalent in health professionals, and has health and social consequences. There is no evidence for effective obesity prejudice reduction techniques in health professionals. The present experiment sought to reduce implicit and explicit anti-fat prejudice in preservice health students. Health promotion/public health(More)
AIMS To examine the link between hazardous drinking and level of sport participation in New Zealand. METHODS Sports science and general university students (n = 427) completed a sporting profile questionnaire that included the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). RESULTS Elite sportspeople (both provincial and international/country level)(More)
Prejudice against those who are perceived as 'fat' or obese (anti-fat prejudice) is rife, increasing, and associated with negative outcomes for those targeted for such treatment. The present review sought to identify and describe published research on interventions to reduce anti-fat prejudice. A systematic search of relevant databases (e.g. PsychInfo,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate discrimination against obese job candidates, and to examine whether widely used measures of implicit and explicit antifat attitudes are related to or predict antifat discrimination. METHODS AND PROCEDURES One hundred university students made job candidate suitability ratings of resumes submitted for a(More)
AIM To examine whether receipt of alcohol industry sponsorship is associated with problematic drinking in UK university students who play sport. METHODS University students (n = 2450) participating in sports were invited to complete a pen-and-paper questionnaire by research staff approaching them at sporting facilities and in university settings.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the implicit and explicit prejudice of physical education (PE) students before, and following extensive professional training, and to examine the relationship of anti-fat prejudice to relevant psychosocial predictors. DESIGN Implicit and explicit anti-fat prejudice of year one and three PE students (cross-sectional sample) were(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the strength of weight bias to other common biases, and to develop a psychometrically sound measure to assess and compare bias against different targets. SUBJECTS A total of 368 university students (75.4% women, 47.6% white, mean age: 21.53 years, mean body mass index (BMI): 23.01 kg/m(2)). MEASUREMENTS A measure was developed to(More)