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Organelle-specific integral membrane proteins were identified by a novel strategy which gives rise to monospecific antibodies to these proteins as well as to the cDNA clones encoding them. A cDNA expression library was screened with a polyclonal antiserum raised against Triton X-114-extracted organelle proteins and clones were then grouped using antibodies(More)
We have investigated two aspects of membrane traffic at early stages of endocytosis: membrane fusion and microtubule-dependent transport. As a marker, we have used the trans-membrane glycoprotein G of vesicular stomatitis virus implanted into the plasma membrane and then internalized for different times at 37 degrees C. The corresponding endosomal fractions(More)
The positional relationships among all of the visible organelles in a densely packed region of cytoplasm from an insulin secreting, cultured mammalian cell have been analyzed in three dimensions (3-D) at approximately 6 nm resolution. Part of a fast frozen/freeze-substituted HIT-T15 cell that included a large portion of the Golgi ribbon was reconstructed in(More)
High voltage electron microscopy and computer axial tomography have been used to study the 3-D structure of trans-Golgi cisternae and trans-Golgi networks (TGNs) in NRK cells. Both structures were specifically labeled by photoconversion of a fluorescent analogue of ceramide using a modification of the techique of Pagano et al. (J. Cell Biol. 1991. 113:(More)
TGN38/41, an integral membrane protein predominantly localized to the trans-Golgi network, has been shown to cycle to the plasma membrane and return to the TGN within 30 min. (Ladinsky, M. S., and K. E. Howell. 1992. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 59:92-105). In characterizing the proteins which associate with TGN38/41, a peripheral 62-kD protein, two forms of rab6 and(More)
We have used defined subcellular fractions to reconstitute in a cell-free system vesicle fusions occurring in the endocytic pathway. The endosomal fractions were prepared by immuno-isolation using as antigen an epitope located on a foreign protein, the transmembrane glycoprotein G (G-protein) of vesicular stomatitis virus. The G-protein was first implanted(More)
Dynamin guanosine triphosphatases support the scission of clathrin-coated vesicles from the plasmalemma during endocytosis. By fluorescence microscopy of cultured rat hepatocytes, a green fluorescent protein-dynamin II fusion protein localized with clathrin-coated vesicles at the Golgi complex. A cell-free assay was utilized to demonstrate the role of(More)
TGN38, a transmembrane glycoprotein predominantly localized to the trans-Golgi network, is utilized to study both the structure and function of the trans-Golgi network (TGN). The effects of brefeldin A (BFA) on the TGN were studied in comparison to its documented effects on the Golgi cisternae. During the first 30 min of BFA treatment, the TGN loses its(More)
To characterize endogenous molecules and activities of the Golgi complex, proteins in transit were > 99% cleared from rat hepatocytes by using cycloheximide (CHX) treatment. The loss of proteins in transit resulted in condensation of the Golgi cisternae and stacks. Isolation of a stacked Golgi fraction is equally efficient with or without proteins in(More)
The influence of low extracellular pH on endocytosis was studied in baby hamster kidney cells. When the extracellular medium was adjusted to pH 5.7, the intracellular pH decreased within 2 min to pH 6.2 and the endocytosis of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the fluid phase dropped to an undetectable level. With an external pH of 6.3, the internal pH dropped(More)