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Presynaptic cholinergic mechanisms were investigated in various brain regions of aged Fisher 344 rats with documented 24 hr retention deficits measured in a single-trial passive avoidance tasks. Sodium-dependent high affinity choline uptake was found to be decreased by 22% in hippocampus of 23-26 month old animals as compared to 6 month old controls. Prior(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic tests vary in their prediction of disease occurrence, with some mutations conferring relatively low risk and others indicating near certainty. The authors assessed how increments in absolute risk of disease influence risk perceptions, interest, and expected consequences of genetic tests for diseases of varying severity. DESIGN Adults (N(More)
After a decade of intense study of cholinergic therapies for Alzheimer's disease, three conditions in this field are apparent: 1) The potential that cholinergic agents will ameliorate the memory dysfunction of Alzheimer patients (as 1-dopa benefits Parkinson patients) is still a stimulus for research. 2) Cholinergic neuropharmacology and its impact on the(More)
Little is known of the psychosocial factors associated with decision regret in the context of breast reconstruction following mastectomy for breast cancer treatment. Moreover, there is a paucity of theoretically-based research in the area of post-decision regret. Adopting the theoretical framework of the Monitoring Process Model (Cancer 1995;76(1):167-177),(More)
BACKGROUND The effective management of lymphedema risk following breast cancer surgery and treatment requires enactment of simple behavioural strategies, including regularly checking for early lymphedema symptoms. Adopting a broad self-regulatory perspective, our aim for this study was to identify psychological factors associated with adherence to these(More)
The cognitive style of rumination extends existing cognitive models of emotional response to illness. In the absence of a specific measure, we developed the Multidimensional Rumination in Illness Scale (MRIS). In Study 1, an initial 60-item pool was tested, followed by confirmation of the factor structure in Study 2. In Study 1 participants (n = 185)(More)
Cyclosporine-A (CsA) has been increasingly used as an immunosuppressant concomitant with neural transplantation treatment for different degenerative disorders. However, the possible role that CsA itself may have in the recovery of transplant patients is not known. Some investigators have argued that clinical improvement following transplantation (e.g.,(More)
Age-related impairment of dynamic aspects of central cholinergic neurotransmission has been indicated by many studies of aged rodents, but the regional distribution of cholinergic deficits and the relative contribution of presynaptic hypofunction and reduced acetylcholine release, loss of synaptic integrity or loss of muscarinic receptors remains unclear.(More)