Kerry A. Crotty

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Administration of L-dopa or apomorphine to neonatal and adult 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated rats resulted in different behavioral responses depending on the age at which dopaminergic fibers were destroyed. When neonatal 6-OHDA-treated rats were tested as adults, they exhibited marked stereotypies, self-biting and self-mutilation behavior (SMB) when(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that desmoplastic melanoma (DM) and desmoplastic neurotropic melanoma (DNM) are associated with worse prognoses and higher local recurrence rates than other forms of melanoma. In the current study, a large series of patients with DM and DNM treated at a tertiary referral center was reviewed. METHODS For 190 patients with(More)
The value of elective lymph node dissection (ELND) for melanoma patients with clinically uninvolved regional nodes remains controversial. However, it has been proposed that selective 'sentinel' lymph node biopsy reliably identifies individuals with micrometastases, who are most likely to benefit from full ELND. The aim of this study was to confirm that(More)
OBJECTIVES To create a simple diagnostic method for invasive melanoma with in vivo cutaneous surface microscopy (epiluminescence microscopy, dermoscopy, dermatoscopy) and to analyze the incidence and characteristics of those invasive melanomas that had no diagnostic features by means of hand-held surface microscopes. DESIGN Pigmented skin lesions were(More)
Because of the well-known difficulty in distinguishing between Spitz nevi and spitzoid malignant melanomas at the microscopic level, the critical importance of this task notwithstanding, expert dermatopathologists across the world have strenuously endeavored to identify histopathologic criteria that would assist microscopists in this effort. Many reports(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound at 20 MHz tends to overestimate melanoma Breslow thickness due to lymphocytic infiltration or naevus remnant. Objectives To determine the efficacy of 75-MHz ultrasound for estimating melanoma thickness and to assess its reliability to predict surgical requirement. METHODS One hundred and twelve suspicious skin lesions were imaged(More)
A prediction of the theory of immunologic surveillance is that tumour antigens can be recognised by cell-mediated immunity during early development of the primary tumour by formation of tumour antigen-specific cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTLs) and that such recognition leads to destruction of those tumour cells (tumour regression) with subsequent appearance of(More)
AIMS Although tumour thickness is the best predictor of melanoma prognosis in patients with localized cutaneous melanoma, prolonged survival occasionally occurs in patients with thick melanomas (> 5 mm). This study examined histological features which were associated with long-term survival. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-two patients with thick, vertical(More)
Melanocytic lesions, including Spitz nevi (SN), common benign nevi (CBN) and cutaneous metastatic melanoma (CMM), were analyzed for activating mutations in NRAS, HRAS and BRAF oncogenes, which induce cellular proliferation via the MAP kinase pathway. One of 22 (4.5%) SN tested showed an HRAS G61L mutation. Another lesion, a 'halo' SN, showed a BRAF V600E(More)
The effect of melanin bleaching on the immunoreactivity of the MIB1-Ki67 antigen in pigmented melanocytic lesions was investigated. Eight paired non-pigmented and heavily pigmented malignant melanomas (6 primary melanomas and 2 secondary melanomas) were selected. Avidin–biotin immunoperoxidase complex (ABC) and microwave antigen retrieval were used in(More)