Kerrm Y F Yau

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Engineered glyphosate resistance is the most widely adopted genetically modified trait in agriculture, gaining widespread acceptance by providing a simple robust weed control system. However, extensive and sustained use of glyphosate as a sole weed control mechanism has led to field selection for glyphosate-resistant weeds and has induced significant(More)
In higher plants, three subfamilies of sucrose nonfermenting-1 (Snf1)-related protein kinases have evolved. While the Snf1-related protein kinase 1 (SnRK1) subfamily has been shown to share pivotal roles with the orthologous yeast Snf1 and mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase in modulating energy and metabolic homeostasis, the functional significance of(More)
A key requirement for successful immunotherapeutic and immunodiagnostic applications is the availability of antibodies with high affinity and specificity. In the past, polyclonal antibodies from hyperimmunized animals or monoclonal antibodies from hybridoma cell lines were used extensively and profitably in medicine and immunotechnology. Antibody-based(More)
Picloram-specific variable fragments (V(HH)s) of heavy chain antibodies (HCAbs) were selected from a nai;ve-llama library using ribosome display technology. A cDNA library of V(HH)s was constructed from lymphocytes of a non-immunized llama and engineered to allow in vitro transcription and translation. With no stop codons present on the transcripts,(More)
A green fluorescent protein-labeled fluobody was designed to develop a simple immunoassay method for detecting picloram herbicide in an environmental sample. The gfp gene was successfully inserted into the pSJF2 vector harboring the picloram-specific antibody fragment to yield pSJF2GFP. Picloram spiking in an environmental river sample could be indirectly(More)
In order to create a novel mechanism for herbicide resistance in plants, we expressed a single-chain antibody fragment (scFv) in tobacco with specific affinity to the auxinic herbicide picloram. Transgenic tobacco plants and seedlings expressing this scFv against picloram were protected from its effect in a dose-dependent manner. This is the first(More)
Inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 2-kinase, an enzyme encoded by the gene IPK1, catalyzes the terminal step in the phytic acid biosynthetic pathway. We report here the isolation and characterization of IPK1 cDNA and genomic clones from maize (Zea mays). DNA Southern-blot analysis revealed that ZmIPK1 in the maize genome constitutes a small gene family(More)
Immunoglobulin genes were directly isolated from the splenocytes of a BALB/C mouse hyperimmunized with the auxinic herbicide picloram conjugated to bovine serum albumin. Variable light and heavy domain DNA were joined to produce single-chain Fv (scFv) DNA, which was cloned into phage vector fd-tet-GIIID to display multiple copies of scFv on the filamentous(More)
V(H)Hs from naive libraries have dissociation constants (K(D)s) in the low micromolar range and thus, for most antibody applications, their intrinsic affinities need to be improved significantly. Non-targeted in vitro affinity maturation approaches based on indiscriminate randomization of complementarity-determining region (CDR) residues or random(More)
Indoleacetic acid (IAA)-binding single-domain antibodies (sdAbs) were isolated from a naive phage-display library constructed from the heavy chain antibody repertoire of a Ilama. The highest-affinity sdAb isolated (CSF2A) had a K(D) of 5-20 microM for two IAA-protein conjugates and a K(D) of 20 microM for free IAA. This sdAb also bound to a synthetic auxin(More)
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