Kerri A. Mowen

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Cysteine is the most intrinsically nucleophilic amino acid in proteins, where its reactivity is tuned to perform diverse biochemical functions. The absence of a consensus sequence that defines functional cysteines in proteins has hindered their discovery and characterization. Here we describe a proteomics method to profile quantitatively the intrinsic(More)
Proteins of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) family of transcription factors are critical for lymphocyte activation in the immune system. In particular, NFATs are important regulators of inducible IL-4 gene expression. Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is an immune system-restricted interferon regulatory factor that is required for(More)
Interferon establishes an antiviral state in numerous cell types through the induction of a set of immediate-early response genes. Activation of these genes is mediated by phosphorylation of latent transcription factors of the STAT family. We found that infection of primary foreskin fibroblasts with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) causes selective(More)
A monkey kidney cDNA that encodes a nuclear regulatory factor was identified by expression and affinity binding to a synthetic retinoic acid response element (RARE) and was used to isolate human placental and rat germ cell cDNAs by hybridization. The cDNAs encode a 59-kDa protein [nuclear DEAF-1-related (NUDR)] which shows sequence similarity to the(More)
Citrullination is the post-translational conversion of an arginine residue within a protein to the non-coded amino acid citrulline. This modification leads to the loss of a positive charge and reduction in hydrogen-bonding ability. It is carried out by a small family of tissue-specific vertebrate enzymes called peptidylarginine deiminases (PADIs) and is(More)
In order for an immune response to be successful, it must be of the appropriate type and magnitude. Intracellular residing pathogens require a cell-mediated immune response, whereas extracellular pathogens evoke a humoral immune response. T-helper (Th) cells orchestrate the immune response and are divided into two subsets, Th1 and Th2 cells. Here, we(More)
require also phosphorylation on a C-terminal serine residue to achieve maximal transactivation potential (David et al., 1995b; Wen et al., 1995). The N terminus is one Kerri A. Mowen,*§ Jie Tang,† Wei Zhu,* Brandon T. Schurter,* Ke Shuai,† Harvey R. Herschman,† and Michael David*‡ *Division of Biology and UCSD Cancer Center of the best conserved regions(More)
Transcriptional induction by interferons requires the tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of STAT transcription factors. The N-terminal region is highly homologous among the STAT proteins and surrounds a completely conserved arginine residue. Here we demonstrate arginine methylation of STAT1 by the protein arginine methyl-transferase PRMT1 as a novel(More)
require also phosphorylation on a C-terminal serine residue to achieve maximal transactivation potential (David et al., 1995b; Wen et al., 1995). The N terminus is one Kerri A. Mowen,*§ Jie Tang,† Wei Zhu,* Brandon T. Schurter,* Ke Shuai,† Harvey R. Herschman,† and Michael David*‡ *Division of Biology and UCSD Cancer Center of the best conserved regions(More)
The protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) family of enzymes catalyzes the transfer of methyl groups from S-adenosylmethionine to the guanidino nitrogen atom of peptidylarginine to form monomethylarginine or dimethylarginine. We created several less polar analogs of the specific PRMT inhibitor arginine methylation inhibitor-1, and one such compound was(More)