Kerri A Ball

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Most reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated in cells by the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Mitochondrial ROS production is modulated largely by the rate of electron flow through respiratory chain complexes. Recently, it has become clear that under hypoxic conditions, the mitochondrial respiratory chain also produces nitric oxide (NO), which can(More)
Recently, it has been reported that mitochondria possess a novel pathway for nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. This pathway is induced when cells experience hypoxia, is nitrite (NO(2)(-))-dependent, is independent of NO synthases, and is catalyzed by cytochrome c oxidase (Cco). It has been proposed that this mitochondrially produced NO is a component of hypoxic(More)
Eukaryotic cells respond to low oxygen concentrations by upregulating hypoxic and downregulating aerobic nuclear genes (hypoxic signaling). Most of the oxygen-regulated genes in yeast require the mitochondrial respiratory chain for their up- or downregulation when cells experience hypoxia. Although it was shown previously that the mitochondrial respiratory(More)
Currently, light therapies are widely used in both human and veterinarian medicine. The application of light to clinical therapeutics includes: photodynamic therapy, used to kill cancer cells; UVA therapies, used to treat a variety of skin diseases; and photobiomodulation, used to promote cell growth and recovery from injury. Photobiomodu-lation uses light(More)
The mitochondrial respiratory chain has been reported to play a role in the stabilization of HIF-1α when mammalian cells experience hypoxia, most likely through the generation of free radicals. Although previous studies have suggested the involvement of superoxide catalyzed by complex III more recent studies raise the possibility that nitric oxide (NO)(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase (Cco) has been reported to be a receptor for some of the beneficial effects of low intensity visible and near-infrared light on cells and tissues. Here, we have explored the role of low intensity light in affecting a newly described function of Cco, its ability to catalyze nitrite-dependent nitric oxide (NO) synthesis (Cco/NO). Using a(More)
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