Kermit R. Mercer

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Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and online UV-visible absorption microspectrophotometry with X-ray crystallography have been used in a complementary manner to follow X-ray-induced disulfide-bond cleavage. Online UV-visible spectroscopy showed that upon X-irradiation, disulfide radicalization appeared to saturate at an absorbed dose of approximately(More)
The total free radical yield has been measured for crystals of five pyrimidine derivatives: thymine (T), 1-methylthymine (1MeT), 1-methyluracil (1MeU), 1-methylcytosine (1MeC) and cytosine monohydrate (C:HOH). Q-band EPR measurements were made on samples X-irradiated between 4 and 12 K. The G values in units of 10(-7) mol/J are 1MeC < 0.01, T < 0.04, 1MeU =(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine what fraction of double strand breaks (dsb's), generated by the direct effect of ionizing radiation on DNA, can be accounted for by radical pairs. A radical pair is defined as two radicals trapped within a separation distance of <3 nm. Q-band EPR was used to measure the yield of radical pairs in calf thymus(More)
The hydration layer of DNA increases the target size of DNA with respect to the formation of direct-type damage by ionizing radiation. The mechanisms that give rise to this increase are being investigated by EPR spectroscopy. To determine these mechanisms, it is necessary to distinguish between the change in sample mass and changes in packing/conformation(More)
Electron spin resonance was employed to study one-electron reduced cytosine stabilized in glasses at low temperatures. In a LiCl/H2O glass, deoxycytidine gives an extra approximately 1 mT splitting that is not observed in oligomers. To better understand the source of the extra splitting, 1-methylcytosine (1mC) and N,N-dimethyldeoxycytidine (dmC) were(More)
Four free radicals are trapped in methyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside X-irradiated and maintained at 77 K. All four have been identified, with high confidence levels, using ESR and ENDOR spectroscopy. One, an alkoxy radical located at O4, is characterized by a gmax of 2.059, an isotropic beta hydrogen hyperfine coupling (hfc) of 98 MHz, and small interactions(More)
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