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PURPOSE Three large, randomized trials of patients with bone metastases recently demonstrated that zoledronic acid reduces the risk of skeletal-related events. These trials provide an opportunity for investigating the correlation between bone metabolism and clinical outcome during bisphosphonate therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Urinary measurements of(More)
BACKGROUND Whether bone markers have prognostic value in patients with bone metastases is unknown. We investigated this question in patients with bone metastases secondary to prostate cancer and to non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other solid tumors assigned to the placebo arms of two phase III trials of zoledronic acid. METHODS Levels of the(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia may be an important factor contributing to an increased risk of bleeding, particularly in patients with thrombocytopenia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A multicenter, single-blinded pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger RCT to determine the effect of the hemoglobin (Hb)(More)
Clustered progressive chronic disease processes arise when interest lies in modeling damage in paired organ systems (e.g., kidneys, eyes), in diseases manifest in different organ systems, or in systemic conditions for which damage may occur in several locations of the body. Multistate Markov models have considerable appeal for modeling damage in such(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusing ABO-compatible blood avoids most acute hemolytic reactions, but donor units that are ABO compatible are not necessarily ABO identical. Emerging data have raised concerns that ABO-nonidentical blood products lead to adverse outcomes. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A large multihospital registry (Transfusion Registry for Utilization,(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history of castration-resistant nonmetastatic prostate cancer is poorly defined. METHODS The authors used data from 331 subjects in the placebo group of a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the relations of disease and host characteristics with time to first bone metastases in men with prostate cancer, rising prostate-specific(More)
PURPOSE Thromboprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) may be more effective than unfractionated heparin but also more likely to bioaccumulate and potentially cause bleeding in patients with renal insufficiency. The objectives of this study were to assess, among medical-surgical patients in the intensive care unit receiving dalteparin 5,000 IU(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in patients with psoriasis, and to identify risk factors for its development. METHODS The study was designed as a prospective cohort study involving psoriasis patients who did not have a diagnosis of arthritis at the time of study enrollment. Information was collected about lifestyle habits,(More)
A noninferiority study was performed comparing low-dose and standard-dose prophylactic platelet transfusions. A double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed in 6 sites in 3 countries. Thrombocytopenic adults requiring prophylactic platelet transfusion were randomly allocated to standard-dose (300-600 x 10(9) platelets/product) or low-dose(More)
Biochemical markers of bone turnover provide insight into ongoing rates of skeletal metabolism and tumor-bone interactions in patients with malignant bone disease. This article reviews the available recent evidence assessing the potential of bone markers for detecting and monitoring malignant bone lesions in patients with advanced cancers, and for assessing(More)