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We developed age, gender and ethnic specific brain templates based on MR and Positron-Emission Tomography (PET) images of Korean normal volunteers. Seventy-eight normal right-handed volunteers (M/F=49/29) underwent 3D T1-weighted SPGR MR and F-18-FDG PET scans. For the generation of standard templates, an optimal target brain that has the average global(More)
PURPOSE The authors analyzed the characteristics of perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and (11)C-methionine (MET) PET to compare the efficacies of these modalities in making the distinction between radiation necrosis and tumor recurrence of high-grade glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
An imbalance between thrombin and antithrombin III contributed to vascular hyporeactivity in sepsis, which can be attributed to excess NO production by inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS). In view of the importance of the thrombin-activated coagulation pathway and excess NO as the culminating factors in vascular hyporeactivity, this study investigated(More)
The present study aimed to assess the effect of resveratrol on the bioavailability of nicardipine in rats. Nicardipine was administered orally (12 mg kg(-1)) or intravenously (4 mg kg(-1)) with or without oral administration of resveratrol (0.5, 2.5 or 10 mg kg(-1)). The oral administration of 2.5 or 10 mg kg(-1) of resveratrol significantly increased both(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the current study was to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for detecting lymph node metastases in patients with uterine cervical carcinoma compared with thin-section histopathologic results from systemic lymphadenectomy. METHODS Twenty-two(More)
The capacity of cells to maintain homeostasis during oxidative stress resides in activation or induction of protective enzymes. Nuclear-factor-E2-related factor (Nrf)-2 as a member of bZIP transcription factors is expressed in a variety of tissues. Transcriptional activation of antioxidant genes through an antioxidant response element (ARE) is largely(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an endogenous antioxidant, is important in oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. It has anti-diabetic and anti-cardiovascular disease effects, but its ability to protect against liver fibrosis has not been studied. Here, we assessed the ability of solubilized CoQ10 to improve dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced liver fibrogenesis in(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a comprehensive systematic review of the literature on volumetric parameters from (18)F-FDG PET and a meta-analysis of the prognostic value of metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) in patients with lung cancer. METHODS A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed using the keywords "positron(More)
BACKGROUND Elucidating the molecular mechanisms by which tumors become resistant to Herceptin is critical for the treatment of Her2-overexpressed metastatic breast cancer. METHODS To further understand Herceptin resistance mechanisms at the molecular level, we used comparative proteome approaches to analyze two human breast cancer cell lines;(More)
Acquired resistance to tamoxifen (TAM) is a serious therapeutic problem among breast cancer patients. Previously, we have reported that TAM-resistant MCF-7 cells (TAMR-MCF-7 cells) showed increased angiogenic intensity through Pin1-dependent vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production. Among six flavonoids tested in the current study, VEGF gene(More)