Kenzo Shimazu

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Recently, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 1 has been identified as a reliable marker for breast cancer stem cells. The aim of our study was to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancers with ALDH1+ cancer stem cells. In addition, the distribution of ALDH1+ tumor cells was compared on a cell-by-cell basis with that of estrogen(More)
We developed a new endoscopic thyroid surgery by the axillo-bilateral-breast approach (ABBA) method, which is different from the previously described breast approach (BA) in that the port sites are modified to obtain a better view and to prevent the interference of surgical instruments. This modification also improves cosmetic results by eliminating the(More)
PURPOSE Breast cancer stem cells have been shown to be associated with resistance to chemotherapy in vitro, but their clinical significance remains to be clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate whether cancer stem cells were clinically significant for resistance to chemotherapy in human breast cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Primary breast cancer(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association of glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) expression with resistance to neoadjuvant paclitaxel followed by 5-fluorouracil/epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (P-FEC) in human breast cancers. The relationship of GSTP1 expression and GSTP1 promoter hypermethylation with intrinsic subtypes was also(More)
Anti-tumor immunity is thought to play a significant role in chemotherapeutic response of breast tumors. In the present study, we investigated whether tumor infiltrating FOXP3+ regulatory T cells, CD8+ cytotoxic T cells, and IL17F+ helper T cells were associated with a pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Breast cancer(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a retrospective study to assess the safety, cosmetic outcome, and patients' satisfaction after skin-sparing (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) for breast cancer with immediate reconstruction of the breast (SMIBR). METHODS The subjects were patients, who underwent SMIBR, breast-conserving surgery (BCS), and total mastectomy(More)
For accurate assessment of the response to primary chemotherapy (PCT) for locally advanced breast cancer, we measured reduction in total tumor volume (TTV) by using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3D MRI), and examined the relationship between this reduction and patient prognosis. Fifty-one patients with locally advanced breast cancer were(More)
We attempted to develop a highly sensitive and specific method for the detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) using a digital PCR (dPCR) assay for PIK3CA mutations (i.e., H1047R, E545K, and E542K) in primary breast cancer patients. The sensitivity of the dPCR assay for the mutant alleles was examined using cell lines with PIK3CA mutations and proved to(More)
Recently, many studies have demonstrated the feasibility and accuracy of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). However, no studies have been conducted to evaluate the accuracy of frozen section (FS) analysis of SLN in NAC-treated patients. The aim was to evaluate the accuracy of intraoperative FS analysis(More)
PURPOSE We recently developed the one-step methylation-specific PCR (OS-MSP) assay which can detect methylated DNA (met-DNA) in serum with high sensitivity. To examine its prognostic value, we applied this new assay to the detection of met-DNA in serum of breast cancer patients. METHODS Serum samples taken before surgery from 336 primary invasive breast(More)