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1 We investigated the neuritogenic action of nitric oxide (NO)-generating agents and their mechanisms of action in a subclone of rat pheochromocytoma, PC12h cells. 2 NO donors such as sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 0.05-1 microM), NOR1 (5-100 microM), NOR2 (5-20 microM), NOR3 (5-20 microM), NOR4 (5-100 microM), or S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP,(More)
Previously, we reported that genipin, a herbal iridoid, had neuritogenic and neuroprotective actions on PC12 cells. Although nitric oxide (NO)-activated signalings were proposed to be neuritogenic, the neuroprotective action of genipin remains to be elucidated. From the standpoint of NO activation, we tested a possible protective mechanism through the(More)
Syringaresinol isolated from Epimedium koreanum NAKA1 and Magnolia officinalis REHD. et WILS. was subjected to optical resolution by chiral HPLC to give (+)- and (-)-enantiomers. The two syringaresinol enantiomers, as well as a mixture of their glucosides, showed dose-dependent neuritogenesis in a concentration range from 0.24 to 24 microM in PC12h cells.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a psychoactive component of marijuana, is known to exert cytotoxicity in immune cells. In the present study, we examined the cytotoxicity of Δ⁸-THC in mouse macrophage J774-1 cells and a possible involvement of cannabinoid receptors and stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the cytotoxic process. J774-1(More)
Previously, we have reported that geniposide isolated from an extract of Gardenia fructus has neuritogenic activity in PC12h cells, a subclone of rat pheochromocytoma cells. Furthermore, we have indicated that several geniposide-related iridoid compounds also had similar potent neuritogenic activity. In this study, we have examined the effects of various(More)
We have demonstrated previously that a natural iridoid compound, genipin, induced neuritogenesis through activation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in PC12h cells. In this paper, we investigated whether cyclic GMP (cGMP) and cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) are involved in the neuritogenesis as a result of NOS(More)
beta-Amyloid protein 1-42 (beta42) can induce apoptosis in the cultured hippocampal neurons, suggesting that it plays an important role in causing neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. Recently, propentofylline, a synthetic xanthine derivative, has been reported to depress ischemic degeneration of hippocampal neurons in gerbils. The present study(More)
Accumulation of unfolding or misfolded proteins within the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) triggers ER stress, and sustained ER stress ultimately leads to cell death. Both of these events are involved in the activation of glucose-regulated protein of 78 kDa (GRP78, also known as Bip), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) homologous protein (CHOP,(More)
We have demonstrated that a natural iridoid compound, genipin, induces neurite outgrowth through the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP-protein kinase G signaling pathway in PC12h cells. PC12 cells, the parental cell line of PC12h cells, have been shown to carry out neurite extension that accompanies NO production in response to nerve growth factor (NGF). This neurite(More)
We have reported previously that genipin, a natural iridoid compound, induces neuritogenesis through a nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic GMP (cGMP)-cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) signaling pathway in PC12h cells and that neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) is one of the target molecules of genipin in vitro. Recently, it has been suggested that the neurotrophic effects(More)