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OBJECT In this study the authors investigated the histomorphometric background and microsurgical anatomy associated with surgically created direct hypoglossal-facial nerve side-to-end communication or nerve "anastomosis." METHODS Histomorphometric analyses of the facial and hypoglossal nerves were performed using 24 cadaveric specimens and three(More)
Rat tibia tissue into which calcium ion (Ca2+)-implanted titanium was surgically placed was histologically analyzed to investigate the performance of the Ca(2+)-implanted titanium as a biomaterial. Calcium ions were implanted into only one side of titanium plates at 10(17) ions/cm2 and the Ca(2+)-treated titanium was surgically implanted into rat tibia for(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the antibacterial activity of composite resin with glass-ionomer filler particles versus that of contemporary commercial composite resins. Three composite resins were used: Beautifil II (containing S-PRG filler), Clearfil AP-X, and Filtek Z250. Resin blocks were bonded to maxillary first molars, and plaque(More)
This study examined the effect of a soft denture liner on the distribution of stresses in the denture-supporting structures. Dentures without a linear and with three configurations of a soft liner were simulated by using a two-dimensional viscoelastic finite-element stress analysis. The stress intensity at functional force-bearing areas decreased when a(More)
The in vivo setting behaviour of fast-setting calcium phosphate cement (FSCPC) between femoral muscles of the rat was investigated to evaluate the possible value of FSCPC for medical and dental application. Conventional CPC (c-CPC) and FSCPC were implanted between femoral muscles, and various aspects of the setting behaviour such as setting time, mechanical(More)
The ideal mechanical strength and critical porosity of calcium phosphate cement (CPC) were estimated to help determine ways to improve its properties. CPC at various porosities was made by packing CPC paste, at various powder-to-liquid (P/L) ratios (2.0-6.0), into a mold under various pressures (0-173 MPa). The mechanical strength of CPC, in terms of(More)
Conditions have been examined for the use of o-dinitrobenzene as a substrate for colorimetric assay of glutathione S-transferases. Activities can be determined by measuring nitrite released enzymatically from the substrate using a diazo-coupling method with N-(1-naphthyl)ethylenediamine dihydrochloride and sulfanilamide. The assay can be done in the(More)
Fast-setting calcium phosphate cement (FSCPC) is a promising new bioactive cement with a significantly short setting time (approximately 5-6 min) compared to conventional calcium phosphate cement (c-CPC) (30-60 min) at physiologic temperatures. As a result of its ability to set quickly, it is applicable in surgical procedures where fast setting is required.(More)
Hydrogen-related degradation of the mechanical properties of a Ni-Ti superelastic alloy has been examined by means of delayed fracture tests in acidic and neutral fluoride solutions and hydrogen thermal desorption analysis. Delayed fracture took place in both solutions; the time to fracture was shorter in the acidic solutions than in the neutral solutions(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the degradation in performance of four major alloys of orthodontic wires, namely nickel-titanium, beta titanium, stainless steel, and cobalt-chromium-nickel, caused by hydrogen absorption during short-term immersion in an acid fluoride solutions. The hydrogen-related degradation of orthodontic wires after(More)