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Brain-type fatty acid-binding protein (B-FABP) belongs to a family of intracellular lipid-binding proteins. B-FABP exhibits a binding affinity to long-chain fatty acids (FAs) whose effects on brain functions including development, emotion, learning and memory have been proposed. B-FABP is localized in the ventricular germinal cells in embryonic brain and(More)
Previous pharmacological experiments provide conflicting findings that describe both facilitatory and inhibitory effects of neuronal histamine on learning and memory. Here, we examined learning and memory and synaptic plasticity in mice with a null mutation of gene coding histamine H1 or H2 receptor in order to clarify the role of these receptors in(More)
 Effects of the mono- and tetra-sialogangliosides, GM1 and GQ1b, on long-term potentiation (LTP) were investigated in the CA1 neurons of guinea-pig hippocampal slices. The magnitude of LTP induced by a strong tetanus (100 Hz, 100 pulses) was not significantly affected by application of either ganglioside. In contrast, when LTP was induced by a weak tetanus(More)
Oligodendrocytes have received much attention in relation to neurological and psychiatric disorders. The involvement of oligodendrocytes and their myelin in normal brain functions has been suggested by many lines of evidence. The conduction velocity of action potentials along axons is dramatically increased by myelination, that is, the formation of a(More)
Like neurons and astrocytes, oligodendrocytes have a variety of neurotransmitter receptors and ion channels. However, except for facilitating the rapid conduction of action potentials by forming myelin and buffering extracellular K(+), little is known about the direct involvement of oligodendrocytes in neuronal activities. To investigate their physiological(More)
The role of inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) in long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) was studied in CA1 neurons in guinea pig hippocampal slices. In standard solution, short tetanic stimulation consisting of 15 pulses at 100 Hz induced LTP, while three short trains of low-frequency stimulation (LFS; 200 pulses at 1 Hz)(More)
The effects of the mono- and tetrasialogangliosides, GM1 and GQ1b, on ATP-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) were studied in CA1 neurons of guinea pig hippocampal slices. Application of 5 or 10 microM ATP for 10 min resulted in a transient depression followed by a slow augmentation of synaptic transmission, leading to LTP. LTP induced by treatment with 5(More)
Plastic changes in white matter have received considerable attention in relation to normal cognitive function and learning. Oligodendrocytes and myelin, which constitute the white matter in the central nervous system, can respond to neuronal activity with prolonged depolarization of membrane potential and/or an increase in the intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
1. Temperature-dependent properties of synaptic transmission were studied by recording orthodromic responses of the population spike and excitatory postsynaptic potential in CA1 pyramidal neurons of guinea pig hippocampal slices. 2. Increasing the temperature of the perfusing medium from 30 to 43°C resulted in a decrease in the amplitude of the population(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) at hippocampal mossy fiber-CA3 pyramidal neuron synapses was induced in the field excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) by the delivery of HFS (a tetanus of two trains of 100 pulses at 100 Hz with a 10s interval) and was reversed (depotentiated) by a train of LFS of 1000 pulses at 2 Hz applied 60 min later. This(More)