Kenton W. Gregory

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A technique called optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been developed for noninvasive cross-sectional imaging in biological systems. OCT uses low-coherence interferometry to produce a two-dimensional image of optical scattering from internal tissue microstructures in a way that is analogous to ultrasonic pulse-echo imaging. OCT has longitudinal and(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhage is a leading cause of death from trauma. An advanced hemostatic dressing could augment available hemostatic methods. We studied the effects of a new chitosan dressing on blood loss, survival, and fluid use after severe hepatic injury in swine. METHODS Swine received chitosan dressings or gauze sponges. Standardized, severe liver(More)
BACKGROUND Although the relationship between cardiac wavelength (lambda) and path length importantly determines the stability of reentrant arrhythmias, the physiological determinants of lambda are poorly understood. To investigate the cellular mechanisms that control lambda during reentry, we developed an experimental system for continuously monitoring(More)
For pulsed laser tissue welding, an appropriate pressure needs to be applied to the tissues to achieve successful welds. In this study, we investigated the influences of pressure on in vitro optical properties of elastin biomaterial. The optical properties were measured as a function of pressure with a double integrating-sphere system. A He-Ne laser (633(More)
BACKGROUND Noncompressible hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable death caused by hemorrhage on the battlefield. Currently, there are no hemostatic agents with the ability to control noncompressible hemorrhage. A wound stasis dressing based upon rapidly expanding cellulose minisponges (MS) was developed and tested in a lethal noncompressible model(More)
Laser angioplasty systems with laser energy preferentially absorbed by atherosclerotic plaque may offer a safe method of plaque removal. This study evaluated the effect of blood upon selective energy absorption using a pulsed dye laser at 480 nm. Intra-arterial laser irradiation of normal rabbit femoral arteries demonstrated a perforation threshold energy(More)
The development of vascular grafts has focused on finding a biomaterial that is non-thrombogenic, minimizes intimal hyperplasia, matches the mechanical properties of native vessels and allows for regeneration of arterial tissue. In this study, the structural and mechanical properties and the vascular cell compatibility of electrospun recombinant human(More)
Elastin, a principal structural component of native arteries, has distinct biological and mechanical advantages when used as a biomaterial; however, its low ultimate tensile strength has limited its use as an arterial conduit. We have developed a scaffold, consisting of a purified elastin tubular conduit strengthened with fibrin bonded layers of acellular(More)
Major duodenal injury with significant tissue loss causes high morbidity and mortality. Our new elastin based heterograft combined with small intestinal submucosa (SIS) and biodegradable glue could be used for repair of such defects. Twenty-four domestic pigs were anesthetized and underwent celiotomy. A 2 cm circular defect was created at the second portion(More)
The relaxation of rabbit aorta rings induced by low-power laser radiation was investigated in vitro to determine the location of the chromophore(s) responsible for this response and evaluate possible mechanisms. An action spectrum for relaxation was measured on rabbit thoracic aorta rings precontracted with norepinephrine. The decrease in isometric tension(More)