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BACKGROUND Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients testing positive for androgen receptor (AR) expression are thought to be chemotherapy resistant, similar to other hormone receptor-positive breast cancers; however, this has not been substantially validated in the clinic. In this study, we investigated the association between chemotherapy sensitivity(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour cells and stromal cells interact in the tumour microenvironment; moreover, stromal cells can acquire abnormalities that contribute to tumour progression. However, interactions between lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) and tumour cells are largely unexamined. In this study, we aimed to determine whether tumour-specific LECs inhabit the(More)
BACKGROUND Breast-preserving surgery (Bp) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) are established as standard treatment for axillary lymph node-negative early breast cancer. METHODS A surgical technique using manual blunt dissection (MBD), in which use of electrocautery, an ultrasonically activated scalpel, and ligation is minimized, is described. This(More)
BACKGROUND Acute adrenal hemorrhage is an uncommon entity. Although trauma is the most common cause of adrenal hemorrhage, non-traumatic etiologies have also been reported. We report an unusual case of a spontaneously ruptured adrenocortical carcinoma that initially presented as a critical massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The case was treated(More)
BACKGROUND Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB)-oriented stepwise treatment under local anesthesia has been performed in the outpatient-ambulatory setting in patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy (NAT). We retrospectively reviewed our preliminary experience of ambulatory SNB in breast cancer patients scheduled to undergo NAT to evaluate the usefulness and(More)
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