Kentaro Tojo

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BACKGROUND Ramosetron has been shown to have a very strong effect for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in previous meta-analyses. However, these previous meta-analyses included a number of studies by Fujii et al. which have now been proven to have been fabricated. In the present meta-analysis, we reevaluated the effectiveness of(More)
The mechanisms underlying paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy remain unknown. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a representative neurotrophic factor that maintains neuronal function, promotes survival, and mediates neuropathic pain. We investigated expression levels of NGF and its receptors in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal dorsal horn (DH)(More)
BACKGROUND We often administer adrenaline to improve hypotension of patients undergoing systemic inflammation that is not treated with volume resuscitation. The effects of adrenaline on injured lungs during shock status have not been elucidated. We previously demonstrated that hepatic ischemia-reperfusion followed by high-tidal-volume ventilation-induced(More)
BACKGROUND The use of one-lung ventilation (OLV) to facilitate intrathoracic surgery is a cause of lung injury. OBJECTIVE We hypothesised that application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to a nonventilated lung during OLV would prevent alveolar hypoxia and blood flow shift from the nonventilated to the ventilated lung, thereby attenuating(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome receiving mechanical ventilation show inhomogeneous lung aeration. Atelectasis during uneven mechanical ventilation leads to alveolar hypoxia and could therefore result in lung inflammation and injury. We aimed to elucidate whether and how atelectasis causes alveolar hypoxia-induced inflammation(More)
BACKGROUND Lung injury is a major clinical concern after hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), due to the production of reactive oxygen species in the reperfused liver. We investigated the efficacy of edaravone, a potent free-radical scavenger, for attenuating lung injury after hepatic I/R. MATERIALS AND METHODS Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned(More)
We studied the use of tele-anaesthesia between Sado General Hospital (SGH) located on Sado Island and Yokohama City University Hospital (YCUH) located in mainland Japan. The two sites were connected via a virtual private network (VPN). We investigated the relationship between the bandwidth of the VPN and both the frame rate and the delay time of the(More)
Alveolar epithelial injury and increased alveolar permeability are hallmarks of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Apoptosis of lung epithelial cells via the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) pathway plays a critical role in alveolar epithelial injury. Activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 by inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins (PHDs) is a(More)
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