Kentaro Takahashi

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Extracellular levels of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate in the nervous system are maintained by transporters that actively remove glutamate from the extracellular space. Homozygous mice deficient in GLT-1, a widely distributed astrocytic glutamate transporter, show lethal spontaneous seizures and increased susceptibility to acute cortical injury.(More)
X chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is an endogenous inhibitor of caspase-3, -7, and -9. Smac/DIABLO, an inhibitor of XIAP, is released from mitochondria upon receiving apoptotic stimuli and binds to the BIR2 and BIR3 domains of XIAP, thereby inhibiting its caspase-inhibitory activity. Here we report that a serine protease called HtrA2/Omi is(More)
The RHO1 gene encodes a homologue of mammalian RhoA small G-protein in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Rho1p is required for bud formation and is localized at a bud tip or a cytokinesis site. We have recently shown that Bni1p is a potential target of Rho1p. Bni1p shares the FH1 and FH2 domains with proteins involved in cytokinesis or establishment of(More)
Mammalian kinetochores contain the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A, whose incorporation into limited chromosomal regions may be important for centromere function and chromosome segregation during mitosis. However, regulation of CENP-A localization and its role have not been clear. Here we report that the fission yeast homolog SpCENP-A is(More)
Rho1p is a yeast homolog of mammalian RhoA small GTP-binding protein. Rho1p is localized at the growth sites and required for bud formation. We have recently shown that Bni1p is a potential target of Rho1p and that Bni1p regulates reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton through interactions with profilin, an actin monomer-binding protein. Using the yeast(More)
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), a 28 amino acid peptide hormone, plays many physiological roles in the peripheral and central nerve systems. A functional cDNA clone of the VIP receptor was isolated from a rat lung cDNA library by cross-hybridization with the secretin receptor cDNA. VIP bound the cloned VIP receptor expressed in mouse COP cells and(More)
BACKGROUND In 1996, with the introduction of sequential media, we set up a programme of cryopreservation of supernumerary morulae (day 4) and blastocysts (day 5) using a vitrification procedure. Our results showed that the efficiency of the vitrification method was dependent on the stage of embryo development and was negatively correlated with the expansion(More)
Fission yeast centromeres vary in size but are organized in a similar fashion. Each consists of two distinct domains, namely, the approximately 15-kilobase (kb) central region (cnt+imr), containing chromosome-specific low copy number sequences, and 20- to 100-kb outer surrounding sequences (otr) with highly repetitive motifs common to all centromeres. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the functional fields activated in relation to the NO-GO decision. Nine healthy subjects participated in the study which consisted of two test positron emission tomography (PET) scans (GO/NO-GO task and response selection task) and one control scan. In the response selection task, subjects were asked to flex their(More)
Information on the entire genome of TT virus (TTV) has been scarce. The circular ssDNA genome of a variant (isolate name SANBAN) that we sequenced was only 56.7% homologous to the prototype isolate (TA278), with even lower homology at the amino acid level: 34.2% for ORF1 and 39.7% for ORF2. Regarding the ORF1, SANBAN was only very distantly related to the(More)