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OBJECTIVE The binding of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) to their receptor (RAGE) plays an important role in the development of diabetic vascular complications. In the present study, we examined circulating endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) levels in subjects with type 1 diabetes and explored the possible association between esRAGE levels and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether low-grade inflammation contributes to early-stage advanced carotid atherosclerosis in young subjects with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The mean and maximum (max) intima-media thicknesses (IMT) of the carotid artery were assessed using ultrasound B-mode imaging in 55 patients with type 1 diabetes (22 men and 33(More)
Abstract Aims/hypothesis. Endothelial derived nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms affect eNOS activity and are associated with abnormal vasomotility and impaired local blood flow. A decrease in local blood flow has been reported to cause insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to examine a possible association of two eNOS polymorphisms,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between the C242T polymorphism of the p22 phox gene, an essential component of NAD(P)H oxidase in the vasculature, with intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery and risk factors for atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetic subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS C242T polymorphism of the p22 phox gene was detected(More)
The insulin resistance found in diabetes is influenced by vascular tone and local blood flow. Endothelial-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) functions as a potent vasodilator to regulate vascular tone, and its production is regulated by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). In this study, we examined the genotype distribution and allele frequency of sEH gene(More)
The possible involvement of the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway in transcriptional regulation of the human insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) gene has been suggested. In this study, we sought to determine whether a PKC-dependent pathway is implicated in the transcriptional control, and if it is, how this occurs. Treatment with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol(More)
Elevated cardiovascular risk is associated with an increased number of small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles, which exhibit increased susceptibility to lipid oxidation, however, the mechanism determining LDL particle size has never been fully elucidated. We have examined the association between the C242T polymorphism of the p22 phox gene,(More)
Metformin is a well-known oral hypoglycaemic agent and has been commonly used, in combination with sulphonylurea, to treat type 2 diabetes. However, the advantageous effect of metformin plus sulphonylurea on diabetic macroangiopathy has yet to be clarified. To evaluate whether sulphonylurea or sulphonylurea plus metformin prevent diabetic macroangiopathy,(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic factors contributing to the development of IgA nephropathy remain to be elucidated. METHODS The present multicenter cross-sectional case-control study measured genotype frequencies of 65 atherosclerotic disease-related gene polymorphisms in 230 Japanese patients with IgA nephropathy and 262 apparently healthy volunteers with estimated(More)
Nateglinide, a rapid insulin secretagogue, is known to facilitate the early phase of insulin secretion and has been used for the treatment of type 2 diabetic patients with postprandial hyperglycemia. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of nateglinide on insulin resistance as well as insulin secretory defects in type 2 diabetic patients. Insulin(More)