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We have conducted a Phase I trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose of CPT-11 together with a fixed dose of cisplatin in patients with advanced lung cancer, and the dose-limiting toxicities of this combination. Fourteen previously untreated patients with stage IIIB or IV disease were treated with CPT-11 (90-min intravenous infusion on days 1, 8, and(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia is one of the most common neurological disorders. However, few therapeutics are effective for the treatment of this disorder. In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of d-serine ethylester and a related substance, d-cycloserine, as therapeutic agents for ataxia in a murine model. Both compounds are known to stereospecific(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel oral anticancer fluoropyrimidine derivative, S-1, in patients receiving initial chemotherapy for unresectable, advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Between June 1996 and July 1998, 62 patients with NSCLC who had not received previous chemotherapy for advanced disease were(More)
Changes in immunoreactive somatostatin (SOM) and cholecystokinin (CCK-8) levels in the cerebellum and cerebrum were investigated in three types of genetically-determined ataxic mutant mice: rolling mouse Nagoya (RMN), weaver, and Purkinje cell degeneration (PCD) mice. The cerebellar pathology in each of these types differs. The concentration of both SOM and(More)
By a highly sensitive enzyme immunoassay we measured the level of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the cerebellum and cerebrum of the neurologically mutant mice, weaver, reeler and Purkinje cell degeneration (PCD). A significant decrease in NGF level was observed in both cerebellum and cerebrum of weaver and reeler mutants of either sex. However, there was no(More)
Irinotecan (CPT-11) has been shown to exhibit excellent antitumour activity against small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). A multi-institutional phase II study was therefore conducted to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of CPT-11 combined with cisplatin (CDDP) and etoposide (ETOP) (PEI regimen) for the treatment of sensitive relapsed SCLC. Patients who responded(More)
The upper limit of hearing and amplitude of eye accommodation were examined, and their standard aging curves were established in order to evaluate their age-related changes in childhood and adolescence. The subjects were 2497 audiometrically and otologically normal ears and 2349 optometrically and ophthalmologically normal eyes ranging in age from 5 to 24(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) of pemetrexed with folate and vitamin B12 supplementation (FA/VB(12)) in Japanese patients with solid tumours and to investigate the safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed. Eligible patients had incurable solid tumours by standard treatments,(More)
The gracile axonal dystrophy (gad) mouse, which shows hereditary sensory ataxia and motor paresis, has been morphologically characterized by the dying back type of axonal degeneration in the nerve terminals of dorsal root ganglion cells and motor neurons. In the present study, using an intraspecific backcross between gad and C57BL/6J mice, the gracile(More)