Kentaro Kuroiwa

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PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the accuracy of endorectal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the detection and local staging of transition zone prostate cancers, with pathologic analysis serving as the reference standard, and to assess MR imaging features of these cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved this(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR spectroscopy for depiction of local prostate cancer recurrence after external-beam radiation therapy, with step-section pathologic findings as the standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS Study received institutional approval, and written informed consent was obtained. Study was(More)
We attempted to determine whether cytoplasmic fat in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can be identified by chemical shift gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (CSI). CSI was performed for 22 clear cell RCCs and 30 other renal tumors (including 16 non-clear cell RCCs), all of which were surgically proven. Signal reduction in out-of-phase images of(More)
PURPOSE Based on contemporary epidemiological and pathological characteristics of prostate cancer we explain the rationale for and concerns about focal therapy for low risk prostate cancer, review potential methods of delivery and propose study design parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS Articles regarding the epidemiology, diagnosis, imaging, treatment and(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively investigate whether the signal intensity (SI) of prostate cancer on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images correlates with the Gleason grade at whole-mount step-section pathologic evaluation after radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved and issued a waiver of informed consent for(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the use of narrow-band imaging (NBI) cystoscopy for the detection of bladder cancer and analyzed its diagnostic efficacy in cases of carcinoma in situ (CIS) and in cases with known urine cytology results. PATIENTS AND METHODS A prospective controlled study of NBI was conducted in 104 consecutive patients with definite or suspected(More)
AIMS Only a few reports on renal cell carcinoma with rhabdoid features have been published. This study was performed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of renal cell carcinomas with rhabdoid features. METHODS AND RESULTS Among 253 cases of renal cell carcinoma in adults, eight cases with rhabdoid features were detected. Rhabdoid areas(More)
OBJECTIVE To design new models that combine clinical variables and biopsy data with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) data, and assess their value in predicting the probability of insignificant prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS In all, 220 patients (cT stage T1c or T2a, prostate-specific antigen level <20 ng/mL,(More)
PURPOSE We compared the accuracy of endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (erMRI), transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy and digital rectal examination (DRE) for detecting the location of cancer in the prostate gland and seminal vesicles. MATERIALS AND METHODS This is a retrospective study of 106 consecutive patients with prostate cancer who were(More)
PURPOSE To assess retrospectively the incremental value of endorectal coil magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and combined endorectal MR imaging-MR spectroscopic imaging to the staging nomograms for predicting organ-confined prostate cancer (OCPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant study and issued a waiver of(More)