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Nystatin-perforated patch recordings were made from mechanically dissociated neurons (in which functional native presynaptic nerve terminals are preserved), isolated from the basolateral amygdala regions to investigate the effects of tandospirone on gamma-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) inhibition. Two types of neurons, ovoid-shaped and pyramidal-shaped(More)
1. Spontaneous miniature outward currents (SMOCs) were observed in mechanically dissociated rat Meynert neurons using nystatin perforated patch recordings under voltage-clamp conditions. 2. SMOCs were blocked by apamin, a selective blocker of small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK) channels, but not by blockers for other types of Ca(2+)-activated K(+)(More)
Effects of Zn2+ and other polyvalent cations on glycine-induced currents in the freshly dissociated rat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus neurons were investigated under voltage-clamp conditions by the use of the nystatin-perforated patch recording configuration. Glycine evoked a Cl- current in a concentration-dependent manner with a half-maximum effective(More)
The periaqueductal gray (PAG) plays a critical role in descending antinociception. In mechanically dissociated rat PAG neurons, pharmacologically separated spontaneous GABAergic miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSCs) were recorded using the nystatin-perforated patch technique. Both DAMGO, a specific mu-opioid receptor agonist, and serotonin(More)
PURPOSE To determine the arterial distribution and ischemic effects of various particle sizes after transcatheter embolization of the small bowel in a dog model. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 10 dogs, selective microsphere embolization was performed in six branches of the superior mesenteric artery. Microspheres were allocated into three size ranges (100-300(More)
The purpose of this study is to describe our initial experience with embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) using hydrogel microcoils. The technical and radiological outcomes were retrospectively reviewed in seven patients with nine simple-type PAVMs (median feeder size 4 mm, range 3-6 mm) who underwent embolization. Hydrogel(More)
We examined the effects of carvedilol on cardiac inwardly rectifying K(+) (Kir) channels, i.e., ATP-sensitive (K(ATP)), G-protein-activated (K(G)) and background (I(K1)) Kir channels. We found that carvedilol effectively inhibits K(ATP) and K(G), but not I(K1) channels. Carvedilol inhibits K(ATP) channels reconstituted in HEK293 cells with Kir6.2 lacking(More)
Gelatin sponge and polyvinyl alcohol particles have been the most popular particulate embolic agents for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of liver tumors. Over the last decade, calibrated microspheres have been introduced and increasingly used in liver tumor embolization in Western countries. In addition, drug-eluting beads (DEB) have been introduced(More)
Tri-n-butyltin (TBT), an environmental pollutant, is accumulated in edible mollusks and fishes. It has also become a health concern in today's society. In the present study, to elucidate the possible neurotoxic action of TBT, the effect on spontaneous gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release from GABAergic nerve terminals projecting to rat ventromedial(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the pharmacokinetics and chemoembolization efficacy of irinotecan-loaded QuadraSphere microspheres (QSMs) in a rabbit VX2 liver tumor model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fourteen rabbits with VX2 liver tumors were divided into two groups. In the irinotecan-loaded QSM group (n = 7), 3 mg of QSMs (30-60 μm) containing 12 mg of irinotecan(More)