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Activity-induced synaptic modification is essential for the development and plasticity of the nervous system. Repetitive correlated activation of pre- and postsynaptic neurons can induce persistent enhancement or decrement of synaptic efficacy, commonly referred to as long-term potentiation or depression (LTP or LTD). An important unresolved issue is(More)
Planarians are considered to be among the most primitive animals which developed the central nervous system (CNS). To understand the origin and evolution of the CNS, we have isolated a neural marker gene from a planarian, Dugesia japonica, and analyzed the structure of the planarian CNS by in situ hybridization. The planarian CNS is located on the ventral(More)
We examined the dietary intake and sources of isoflavones (daidzein and genistein) among Japanese subjects based on dietary records (DRs). The subjects comprised two groups: 1,232 who completed one-day DRs (Group 1) and 88 men and women who kept four four-day (16-day) DRs. For quantitative data on the level of daidzein and genistein in soy foods, we(More)
Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) is a potent chemoattractant and activator of both granulocytes and macrophages. The actions of LTB(4) appear to be mediated by a specific G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) BLT1, originally termed BLT (Yokomizo, T., T. Izumi, K. Chang, Y. Takuwa, and T. Shimizu. 1997. Nature. 387:620-624). Here, we report the molecular cloning of a(More)
The distribution of neutral and sialyl N-linked oligosaccharides from human serum glycoproteins has been studied using three kinds of HPLC columns as described below. N-linked oligosaccharides were released from chymotrypsin- and trypsin-digested glycopeptides of human serum by means of glycoamidase (from almond) digestion. The reducing ends of the(More)
A total of 228 pesticides (88 insecticides, 60 fungicides, 62 herbicides, 12 plant-growth regulators, 3 metabolites and 3 other compounds) was tested for mutagenicity in bacterial reversion-assay systems with 5 strains (TA100, TA98, TA1535, TA1537 and TA1538) of Salmonella typhimurium and a strain (WP2 hcr) of Escherichia coli. 50 pesticides (25(More)
From neurophysiological and biochemical studies it has been suggested that glycine can function as a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system of mammals. In the present study, anti-glycine antiserum was obtained from rabbits immunized with glycine conjugated to rabbit serum albumin via glutaraldehyde and purified by affinity(More)
Janus kinases (Jaks) play an important role in signal transduction via cytokine receptors. Tyk2 is a Janus kinase, and we developed tyk2-deficient mice to study the requirement for tyk2 in vivo. Tyk2-deficient mice show no overt developmental abnormalities; however, they display a lack of responsiveness to a small amount of IFNalpha, although a high(More)
We have isolated a novel homeobox gene that is expressed in the vertebrate central nervous system and which shows striking similarity to the Drosophila al gene in the homeodomain (85% identity) and in a 17 amino acid-sequence near the carboxyl-terminus. This gene was designated Arx (aristaless related homeobox gene) in consideration of its structural(More)
We found that neuropsin, an extracellular matrix serine protease, has a regulatory effect on Schaffer-collateral long-term potentiation (LTP) in the mouse hippocampus. Bath application of 1-170 nM recombinant neuropsin modulated early phase LTP in the Schaffer-collateral pathway with a 'bell-shape' dose-response curve. The maximum enhancing activity (134%(More)