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Activity-induced synaptic modification is essential for the development and plasticity of the nervous system. Repetitive correlated activation of pre- and postsynaptic neurons can induce persistent enhancement or decrement of synaptic efficacy, commonly referred to as long-term potentiation or depression (LTP or LTD). An important unresolved issue is(More)
Planarians are considered to be among the most primitive animals which developed the central nervous system (CNS). To understand the origin and evolution of the CNS, we have isolated a neural marker gene from a planarian, Dugesia japonica, and analyzed the structure of the planarian CNS by in situ hybridization. The planarian CNS is located on the ventral(More)
So-called sulfur-turf microbial mats, which are macroscopic white filaments or bundles consisting of large sausage-shaped bacteria and elemental sulfur particles, occur in sulfide-containing hot springs in Japan. However, no thermophiles from sulfur-turf mats have yet been isolated as cultivable strains. This study was undertaken to determine the(More)
To measure the virus load in patients with symptomatic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections, we used a real-time PCR assay to quantify the amount of EBV DNA in blood. The real-time PCR assay could detect from 2 to over 10(7) copies of EBV DNA with a wide linear range. We estimated the virus load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) from patients(More)
A total of 228 pesticides (88 insecticides, 60 fungicides, 62 herbicides, 12 plant-growth regulators, 3 metabolites and 3 other compounds) was tested for mutagenicity in bacterial reversion-assay systems with 5 strains (TA100, TA98, TA1535, TA1537 and TA1538) of Salmonella typhimurium and a strain (WP2 hcr) of Escherichia coli. 50 pesticides (25(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase delta (PTPdelta) is a receptor-type PTP expressed in the specialized regions of the brain including the hippocampal CA2 and CA3, B lymphocytes and thymic medulla. To elucidate the physiological roles of PTPdelta, PTPdelta-deficient mice were produced by gene targeting. It was found that PTPdelta-deficient mice were semi-lethal(More)
A bacterium capable of degrading microcystins-RR, -YR, and -LR was isolated from a hypertrophic lake. The bacterium, designated Y2 and classified phenotypically as a member of the genus Sphingomonas, was shown to be distinct phylogenetically from any established species of Sphingomonas on the basis of 16S rDNA sequencing. The bacterium was tentatively(More)
We have isolated a novel homeobox gene that is expressed in the vertebrate central nervous system and which shows striking similarity to the Drosophila al gene in the homeodomain (85% identity) and in a 17 amino acid-sequence near the carboxyl-terminus. This gene was designated Arx (aristaless related homeobox gene) in consideration of its structural(More)
A novel murine cDNA which encodes a protein designated neuropsin was cloned. Northern and in situ hybridization analyses demonstrated that neuropsin mRNA is expressed specifically in the limbic system of mouse brain and is localized at highest concentration in pyramidal neurons of the hippocampal CA1-3 subfields. Direct hippocampal stimulation and kindling(More)
BACKGROUND Caveolin-1 plays a regulatory role in several signaling pathways. Recently caveolin-1 was identified as a metastasis-related gene in prostate carcinoma. However, the clinical impact of caveolin-1 expression in esophageal carcinoma remains unknown. METHODS One hundred thirty surgical specimens of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were(More)