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Activity-induced synaptic modification is essential for the development and plasticity of the nervous system. Repetitive correlated activation of pre- and postsynaptic neurons can induce persistent enhancement or decrement of synaptic efficacy, commonly referred to as long-term potentiation or depression (LTP or LTD). An important unresolved issue is(More)
Planarians are considered to be among the most primitive animals which developed the central nervous system (CNS). To understand the origin and evolution of the CNS, we have isolated a neural marker gene from a planarian, Dugesia japonica, and analyzed the structure of the planarian CNS by in situ hybridization. The planarian CNS is located on the ventral(More)
A total of 228 pesticides (88 insecticides, 60 fungicides, 62 herbicides, 12 plant-growth regulators, 3 metabolites and 3 other compounds) was tested for mutagenicity in bacterial reversion-assay systems with 5 strains (TA100, TA98, TA1535, TA1537 and TA1538) of Salmonella typhimurium and a strain (WP2 hcr) of Escherichia coli. 50 pesticides (25(More)
Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) is a potent chemoattractant and activator of both granulocytes and macrophages. The actions of LTB(4) appear to be mediated by a specific G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) BLT1, originally termed BLT (Yokomizo, T., T. Izumi, K. Chang, Y. Takuwa, and T. Shimizu. 1997. Nature. 387:620-624). Here, we report the molecular cloning of a(More)
The distribution of neutral and sialyl N-linked oligosaccharides from human serum glycoproteins has been studied using three kinds of HPLC columns as described below. N-linked oligosaccharides were released from chymotrypsin- and trypsin-digested glycopeptides of human serum by means of glycoamidase (from almond) digestion. The reducing ends of the(More)
We examined the dietary intake and sources of isoflavones (daidzein and genistein) among Japanese subjects based on dietary records (DRs). The subjects comprised two groups: 1,232 who completed one-day DRs (Group 1) and 88 men and women who kept four four-day (16-day) DRs. For quantitative data on the level of daidzein and genistein in soy foods, we(More)
The Brx1 homeobox gene has been isolated and shown to be expressed in the zona limitans intrathalamica (ZLI) of the mouse embryo. Brx1 is a member of the Brx gene family and comprises the genes for Brx1a and Brx1b, which differ in the sequence in the region located on the 5'-terminal side of the homeobox. The complete amino acid sequences of the open(More)
From neurophysiological and biochemical studies it has been suggested that glycine can function as a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system of mammals. In the present study, anti-glycine antiserum was obtained from rabbits immunized with glycine conjugated to rabbit serum albumin via glutaraldehyde and purified by affinity(More)
Antisera were raised in rabbits against the alpha subunit of a GTP-binding protein, Go. Because the antisera cross-reacted weakly with the alpha subunit of inhibitory GTP-binding protein of adenylate cyclase (Gi), they were purified with a Go alpha-coupled Sepharose column. Purified antibodies reacted only with Go alpha and did not cross-react with the Gi(More)