Kentaro Kaneko

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A nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (NPP) activity that catalyzes the hydrolytic breakdown of ADP-glucose (ADPG) has been shown to occur in the plastidial compartment of both mono- and dicotyledonous plants. To learn more about this enzyme, we purified two NPPs from rice (Oryza sativa) and barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings. Both enzymes are(More)
The well-characterized secretory glycoprotein, rice (Oryza sativa) alpha-amylase isoform I-1 (AmyI-1), was localized within the plastids and proved to be involved in the degradation of starch granules in the organelles of rice cells. In addition, a large portion of transiently expressed AmyI-1 fused to green fluorescent protein (AmyI-1-GFP) colocalized with(More)
Prostaglandin (PG) D(2), the most abundant PG in the central nervous system (CNS), is a bioactive lipid having various central actions including sleep induction, hypothermia and modulation of the pain response. We found that centrally administered PGD(2) stimulates food intake via the DP(1) among the two receptor subtypes for PGD(2) in mice. Hypothalamic(More)
Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) was first purified from red blood cell membranes and is now known to be an osmolarity-driven water transporter that is widely expressed in many epithelial and endothelial cells outside the brain. Several recent studies have shown strong expression of AQP1 in proliferating tumor microvessels, suggesting that AQP1 may have an important role(More)
The presentation of the surgical anatomy of anorectal malformation by standard anatomical figures is not suitable for individual anorectoplasty. It is essential to understand the anatomy of the pelvic muscle (striated muscle complex: SMC) including the external anal sphincter and their three-dimensional (3D) configuration in each patient. Thus, we studied(More)
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1), a water channel protein, has been shown to play an important role in tumor growth and angiogenesis in mouse endothelial cells. We recently reported that the expression of AQP1 mRNA was induced in cultured human retinal vascular endothelial cells (HRVECs) under hypoxia. In the present study, HRVECs were cultured under normoxia or hypoxia(More)
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. conlutinans (Foc) is a serious root-invading and xylem-colonizing fungus that causes yellowing in Brassica oleracea. To comprehensively understand the interaction between F. oxysporum and B. oleracea, composition of the xylem sap proteome of the non-infected and Foc-infected plants was investigated in both resistant and susceptible(More)
Global climate models predict an increase in global mean temperature and a higher frequency of intense heat spikes during this century. Cereals such as rice (Oryza sativa L.) are more susceptible to heat stress, mainly during the gametogenesis and flowering stages. During periods of high temperatures, grain filling often causes serious damage to the grain(More)
Soymorphin-5 (YPFVV) derived from soybean β-conglycinin β-subunit is a μ-opioid agonist peptide having anxiolytic-like activity. Here, we show that soymorphin-5 improves glucose and lipid metabolism after long-term oral administration to KKAy mice, a type 2 diabetes model animal. Soymorphin-5 inhibited hyperglycemia without an increase in plasma insulin(More)
We previously reported that soymorphins, mu-opioid agonist peptides derived from soy beta-conglycinin beta-subunit, have anxiolytic-like activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of soymorphins on food intake and gut motility, along with their mechanism. We found that soymorphins decreases food intake after oral administration in fasted(More)