Learn More
The mechanisms of tumor metastasis to the sentinel lymph nodes are poorly understood. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A plays a principle role in tumor progression and angiogenesis; however, its role in tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis has remained unclear. We created transgenic mice that overexpress VEGF-A and green(More)
The lymphatic vascular system plays a pivotal role in mediating tissue fluid homeostasis and cancer metastasis, but the molecular mechanisms that regulate its formation and function remain poorly characterized. A comparative analysis of the gene expression of purified lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) versus blood vascular endothelial cells (BVEC) revealed(More)
The lymphatic system plays an important role in inflammation and cancer progression, although the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. As determined using comparative transcriptional profiling studies of cultured lymphatic endothelial cells versus blood vascular endothelial cells, growth hormone receptor was expressed at much higher levels(More)
We have previously shown that targeted overexpression of the endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in the epidermis prevented chronic ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced angiogenesis and cutaneous photodamage in mice, suggesting that angiogenesis plays a critical role in the mediation of UVB effects on the skin. Nevertheless, the molecular(More)
Angiogenesis is tightly associated with the outgrowth of adipose tissue, leading to obesity, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and hypertension, mainly because expanding adipose tissue requires an increased nutrient supply from blood vessels. Therefore, induction of vessel abnormality by adipokines has been well-studied, whereas how altered(More)
We have previously demonstrated that UVB irradiation resulted in impaired function of cutaneous lymphatic vessels, suggesting a crucial role of lymphatic function in the mediation of UVB-induced inflammation. Nonetheless, the molecular mechanisms of lymphatic involvement in inflammation have remained unclear. Here, we show that vascular endothelial growth(More)
UVB irradiation of the skin induces erythema, epidermal hyperplasia, vascular hyperpermeability, and edema formation. Previous studies have revealed that the cutaneous blood vasculature plays a critical role in the mediation of photodamage. In contrast, the role of lymphatic vessels, which play an essential role in the maintenance of tissue fluid balance,(More)
Acute ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation of the skin results in erythema, vasodilation, edema, and angiogenesis, which is associated with the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by epidermal keratinocytes. It is unclear, however, whether VEGF is required for the damage or repair process that occurs in the skin on UVB exposure. We subjected(More)