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In this paper, we present a dependency treebased method for sentiment classification of Japanese and English subjective sentences using conditional random fields with hidden variables. Subjective sentences often contain words which reverse the sentiment polarities of other words. Therefore, interactions between words need to be considered in sentiment(More)
In this paper, we discuss how to annotate coreference and predicate-argument relations in Japanese written text. There have been research activities for building Japanese text corpora annotated with coreference and predicate-argument relations as are done in the Kyoto Text Corpus version 4.0 (Kawahara et al., 2002) and the GDATagged Corpus (Hasida, 2005).(More)
Automatic extraction of human opinions from Web documents has been receiving increasing interest. To automate the process of opinion extraction, having a collection of evaluative expressions such as ”the seats are comfortable” would be useful. However, it can be costly to manually create an exhaustive list of such expressions for many domains, because they(More)
This paper describes our ongoing research project on text simplification for congenitally deaf people. Text simplification we are aiming at is the task of offering a deaf reader a syntactic and lexical paraphrase of a given text for assisting her/him to understand what it means. In this paper, we discuss the issues we should address to realize text(More)
This paper proposes an efficient example sampling method for example-based word sense disambiguation systems. To construct a database of practical size, a considerable overhead for manual sense disambiguation (overhead for supervision) is required. In addition, the time complexity of searching a large-sized database poses a considerable problem (overhead(More)
We propose a method that incorporates various novel contextual cues into a machine learning for resolving coreference. Distinct characteristics of our model are (i) incorporating more linguistic features capturing contextual information that is more sophisticated than what is offered in Centering Theory, and (ii) a tournament model for selecting a referent.(More)
In this paper, we propose a data-oriented method for inferring the emotion of a speaker conversing with a dialog system from the semantic content of an utterance. We first fully automatically obtain a huge collection of emotion-provoking event instances from the Web. With Japanese chosen as a target language, about 1.3 million emotion provoking event(More)
Many natural language processing tasks, including information extraction, question answering and recognizing textual entailment, require analysis of the polarity, focus of polarity, tense, aspect, mood and source of the event mentions in a text in addition to its predicateargument structure analysis. We refer to modality, polarity and other associated(More)
We approach the zero-anaphora resolution problem by decomposing it into intrasentential and intersentential zero-anaphora resolution tasks. For the former task, syntactic patterns of zeropronouns and their antecedents are useful clues. Taking Japanese as a target language, we empirically demonstrate that incorporating rich syntactic pattern features in a(More)
The technology of opinion extraction allows users to retrieve and analyze people’s opinions scattered over Web documents. We define an opinion unit as a quadruple consisting of the opinion holder, the subject being evaluated, the part or the attribute in which the subject is evaluated, and the value of the evaluation that expresses a positive or negative(More)