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The crystal structure of a DNA-binding domain of PHO4 complexed with DNA at 2.8 A resolution revealed that the domain folds into a basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) motif with a long but compact loop that contains a short alpha-helical segment. This helical structure positions a tryptophan residue into an aromatic cluster so as to make the loop compact. PHO4(More)
The 2.4-A resolution crystal structure of a dominantly active form of the small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) RhoA, RhoAV14, complexed with the nonhydrolyzable GTP analogue, guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate (GTPgammaS), reveals a fold similar to RhoA-GDP, which has been recently reported (Wei, Y., Zhang, Y., Derewenda, U., Liu, X., Minor, W.,(More)
The peptidoglycan-recognition protein LCa (PGRP-LCa) is a transmembrane receptor required for activation of the Drosophila immune deficiency pathway by monomeric Gram-negative peptidoglycan. We have determined the crystal structure of the ectodomain of PGRP-LCa at 2.5-A resolution and found two unique helical insertions in the LCa ectodomain that disrupt an(More)
Rab GTPases coordinate vesicular trafficking within eukaryotic cells by collaborating with a set of effector proteins. Rab27a regulates numerous exocytotic pathways, and its dysfunction causes the Griscelli syndrome human immunodeficiency. Exophilin4/Slp2-a localizes on phosphatidylserine-enriched plasma membrane, and its N-terminal Rab27-binding domain(More)
A short sequence motif rich in glycine residues, Gly-X-X-X-X-Gly-Lys-Thr/Ser, has been found in many nucleotide-binding proteins including the beta subunit of Escherichia coli H(+)-ATPase (Gly-Gly-Ala-Gly-Val-Gly-Lys-Thr, residues 149-156). The following mutations were introduced in this region of the cloned E. coli unc operon carried by a plasmid pBWU1:(More)
The small G protein Rho has emerged as a key regulator of cellular events involving cytoskeletal reorganization. Here we report the 2.2 A crystal structure of RhoA bound to an effector domain of protein kinase PKN/PRK1. The structure reveals the antiparallel coiled-coil finger (ACC finger) fold of the effector domain that binds to the Rho(More)
The multiple histidine-aspartate phosphorelay system plays a crucial role in cellular adaptation to environments in microorganisms and plants. Like kinase-phosphatase systems in higher eukaryotes, the multiple steps provide additional regulatory checkpoints with phosphatases. The Escherichia coli phosphatase SixA exhibits protein phosphatase activity(More)
Rho-kinase is a serine/threonine protein kinase that regulates cytoskeletal events in cells. The enzyme activity of Rho-kinase is auto-inhibited in the free state but is activated through direct binding to the small GTPase Rho in the GTP-bound form. The crystal structure of the Rho-binding domain (RhoBD) of Rho-kinase has been determined at 1.8-A resolution(More)
The Lon proteases are a unique family of chambered proteases with a built-in AAA+ (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) module. Here, crystal structures of a unique member of the Lon family with no intrinsic ATPase activity in the proteolytically active form are reported both alone and in complexes with three covalent inhibitors: two(More)
Protein crystallization remains one of the bottlenecks in crystallographic analysis of macromolecules. An automated large-scale protein-crystallization system named PXS has been developed consisting of the following subsystems, which proceed in parallel under unified control software: dispensing precipitants and protein solutions, sealing crystallization(More)