Kentaro Hatayama

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A series of (nitrooxy)alkyl apovincaminates has been synthesized and evaluated for their effects on vertebral and femoral blood flow. These derivatives were prepared from apovincaminic acid (4). In cerebral circulation, compound 5 (0.03-1.0 mg/kg iv) caused a dose-dependent increase in cerebral blood flow (CerBF) without affecting the blood pressure. It was(More)
OBJECTIVE It is well known that electroencephalograms (EEGs) show electrical silence in deep anesthesia as well as brain death. This is the first report on intracranial EEG changes in deep anesthesia. METHODS We developed a new direct brain monitoring system capable of recording intracranial EEGs. This study included 13 patients with head trauma or(More)
We have recently encountered a rare case of anterior cerebral artery dissecting aneurysm, presenting cerebral infarction and subarachnoid hemorrhage, associated with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). A 50-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of headache and hemiparesis. A right carotid angiogram obtained 9 hours after the onset revealed(More)
1,4-Dihydropyridine derivatives having two nitrooxyalkyl moieties as esters at the 3 and 5 positions possess antihypertensive activity. To understand how substituents affect the biological activity, the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) of 27 compounds was analyzed using the Fuzzy adaptive least-squares (FALS 91) method. The QSAR models(More)
sigma Receptor antagonists may be effective antipsychotic drugs that do not induce motor side effects caused by ingestion of classical drugs such as haloperidol. We obtained evidence that 1-(2-dipropylaminoethyl)-4-methoxy-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran hydrochloride 2a had selective affinity for sigma receptor over dopamine D2 receptor. This compound was designed to(More)
In order to develop new-generation macrolide antibiotics active against erythromycin (EM)-resistant strains, a series of 6-O-methyl EM 9-O-substituted oxime derivatives was synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity against EM-resistant (S. aureus J-109) and susceptible (S. aureus 209P) strains. To understand how substituents affect the biological(More)
Metabolomics is a new approach that is based on the systematic study of the full complement of metabolites in a biological sample. Metabolomics has the potential to fundamentally change clinical chemistry and, by extension, the fields of nutrition, toxicology, and medicine. However, it can be difficult to separate highly polar compounds. Mass spectrometry(More)