Kentaro Hatano

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OBJECTIVE Using 6-[(18)F]fluoro-L-dopa (FDOPA) and [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucoce (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), multiple regression analyses were performed to determine the specific brain regions that are related to cognitive and motor symptoms in nondemented patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS Spatially normalized images of FDOPA influx(More)
We investigated the relative differences in dopaminergic function through the whole brain in patients with Parkinson's disease without dementia (PD) and with dementia (PDD) using 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa (18F-dopa) PET and a voxel-by-voxel analysis. The 10 PD and 10 PDD patients were equivalently disabled, having mean scores of 3.2 +/- 0.6 and 3.2 +/- 0.7,(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) measurements in 6-month-old F344/N rats were performed in the conscious state and the influence of chloral hydrate, ketamine, and pentobarbital anesthesia on dopamine D(1) (DA-D(1)) receptor binding was evaluated using [(11)C]SCH23390, a selective DA-D(1) receptor ligand. To perform the PET study in conscious rats, an(More)
The dopaminergic system plays a major role in neurological and psychiatric disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, tardive dyskinea and schizophrenia. Knowledge on altered dopamine synthesis, receptor densities and status are important for understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and therapy of diseases. PET provides a(More)
OBJECTIVE The transition of microglia from the normal resting state to the activated state is associated with an increased expression of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBR). The extent of PBR expression is dependent on the level of microglial activation. A PBR ligand, [(11)C]PK11195, has been used for imaging of the activation of microglia in vivo. We(More)
INTRODUCTION The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha7 subtype (alpha(7) nAChR) is one of the major nAChR subtypes in the brain. We synthesized C-11 labeled alpha(7) nAChR ligands, (R)-2-[(11)C]methylamino-benzoic acid 1-aza-bicyclo[2.2.2]oct-3-yl ester ([(11)C](R)-MeQAA) and its isomer (S)-[(11)C]MeQAA, for in vivo investigation with positron(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) are useful for non-invasive investigation of brain receptors. With these imaging techniques, changes in brain receptor densities and distributions during chronic drug treatments and disease progressions can be tracked for a long period. Appropriate radiolabeled imaging(More)
Imidazopyridineacetoamide 5-8, a series of novel and potentially selective peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) ligands with affinities comparable to those of known PBR ligands, was investigated. Radiosyntheses of [11C]5, 6, 7 or 8 was accomplished by N-methylation of the corresponding desmethyl precursors with [11C]methyl iodide in the presence of NaH(More)
Nicotine injections and nicotine skin patches significantly improve attention, memory, and learning in Alzheimer's disease. In animal studies, nicotine improves the performance of various memory-related tasks, an effect that is thought to be mediated by the neuronal dopaminergic system as systemic administration of nicotine decreased [(11)C]raclopride(More)