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We evaluated the temporal profile of the number of neurons containing neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS neurons) in the brain of a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic rat model. Hypoxic-ischemic insults were produced in the brains of 7-day-old rat pups using a combination of unilateral carotid artery ligation and hypoxic (8% oxygen) exposure. Sections of brain(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease associated with chronic inflammation of the joints. RA has been shown to increase the morbidity of and mortality due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. We recently reported that cerebrovascular permeability was increased in mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), an animal model of RA.(More)
The selective vulnerability of distinct neuronal structures is a major feature of Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), also known as spinocerebellar ataxia 3 (SCA3). Vestibular dysfunction is known to be a symptom of MJD, but little is known about precisely when the vestibular system becomes impaired. Using a caloric test, we evaluated vestibular function in 2 MJD(More)
The ability of high-dose intravenous gammaglobulin (IVGG) to prevent the coronary artery lesion of Kawasaki disease has been studied in a multicentre controlled trial of IVGG plus aspirin versus aspirin alone, aspirin being the conventional treatment for Kawasaki disease. Patients were allocated at random to aspirin (45 cases) or IVGG (40 cases), there(More)
Protein misfolding is considered a key event in the pathogenesis of polyglutamine disease such as Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). Overexpression of chaperone proteins and the application of chemical chaperones are reported to suppress polyglutamine induced cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. The effects of compatible solutes, which are osmoprotectants in(More)
This is the first report of a case of galactorrhea in a patient with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) diagnosed on the basis of antiaquaporin-4 antibody seropositivity. The hypothalamus is becoming known as an area highly expressing aquaporin-4 and frequently involved in intracranial lesions of patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). We(More)
BACKGROUND No studies to date have attempted to evaluate frontotemporal lobar degeneration from the perspective of the vestibular system. OBJECTIVE The present study examined vestibular function in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) clinical syndrome and evaluated whether vestibular disorders are involved in the clinical symptoms due to FTD. (More)
A 60-year-old man was admitted because of subacutely progressive sensory disturbance characterized by fluctuating dysesthesia and light pain on the skin of his hands and feet. He exhibited mononeuritis multiplex, and a plaque with sloughing was observed on the left side of his back. Sural nerve biopsy revealed marked thickening of the perineurium with(More)
UNLABELLED Two preterm infants with extensive periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) were examined by [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) at the corrected ages of 18 and 34 days. They showed similar clinical courses including oculoclonic seizure, hypsarrhythmia and severe mental retardation, in addition, to spastic quadriplegia.(More)