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INTRODUCTION Fever is frequently observed in critically ill patients. An independent association of fever with increased mortality has been observed in non-neurological critically ill patients with mixed febrile etiology. The association of fever and antipyretics with mortality, however, may be different between infective and non-infective illness. (More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil elastase plays a crucial role in the development of acute lung injury (ALI) in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The clinical efficacy of the neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat, for patients with ALI associated with SIRS has not been convincingly demonstrated. The aim of this study was to determine if(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil elastase, alveolar thrombin generation, and fibrin deposition play crucial roles in the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, the usefulness of combination therapy with a selective neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat, and recombinant human soluble(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids have been shown to alleviate ischemia-induced myocardial injury, while aggravating neuronal damage caused by ischemia. As energy failure is a predominant factor in cellular viability, we examined the effects of glucocorticoids on energy utilization in the mouse heart and brain. METHODS Seventy-two male ddY mice were assigned to(More)
Th e authors noticed after the publication of their article [1] an error in their abstract. Under the 'results' subsection , it currently reads " Relative to the reference range (MAXICU 36.5°C to 37.4°C), MAXICU ≥ 39.5°C increased risk of 28-day mortality in septic patients (adjusted odds ratio 8.14, P = 0.01), but not in non-septic patients (adjusted odds(More)
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