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Twenty-seven patients with Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD) were treated with bright light therapy in the morning for four consecutive weeks. The cognitive state of each patient was evaluated with the Mini-Mental-State Examination (MMSE) and circadian rhythm with actigram before and after therapy for all of the patients and those of two groups divided by the(More)
Previously, we reported that morning bright light therapy improved sleep time and cognitive function in Alzheimer type of dementia. We conducted a double blind study to examine the effects of melatonin on the sleep-wake rhythm, cognitive and non-cognitive functions in Alzheimer type of dementia. The subjects were 9 persons given a placebo (PLA), and 11(More)
The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) are necessary and sufficient for the maintenance of circadian rhythms in primate and other mammalian species. The human dorsomedial SCN contains populations of non-species-specific vasopressin and species-specific neurotensin neurons. We made time-series recordings of core body temperature and locomotor activity in 19(More)
The present study investigated the effects of vitamin B12 (VB12) on circadian rhythm in Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD). Twenty-eight ATD patients were treated with bright light therapy (BLT) for 8 weeks. For the latter 4 weeks, half were treated with VB12 with BLT (BLT + VB12). We evaluated the cognitive state with Mini-Mental State Examination and the(More)
In the present study, the effects of short-acting benzodiazepines on nocturnal sleep and the carryover effects of these drugs were studied. The study involved 10 young, healthy male subjects who had given their written informed consent to participate. Either a placebo (PLA), 0.125 mg triazolam (TRZ), 0.25 mg TRZ or 0.25 mg brotizolam (BRZ) was administered(More)