Kenta Oikawa

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In order to understand the dynamics of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) luminal environment, we investigated the role of Ca(2+), Zn(2+), and ATP on conformational changes of calreticulin. Purified calreticulin was digested with trypsin in the presence or absence of Ca(2+), Zn(2+), and ATP. At low Ca(2+) concentration (<100 micrometer), calreticulin is rapidly(More)
Casade Blue (CB), a fluorescent dye, was used to investigate the dynamics of interactions between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumenal chaperones including calreticulin, protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), and ERp57. PDI and ERp57 were labeled with CB, and subsequently, we show that the fluorescence intensity of the CB-conjugated proteins changes upon exposure(More)
Calsequestrin (Mr = 44,000) is a calcium-binding (KD congruent to 1 mM, congruent to 50 sites/molecule) protein found in the lumen of the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle. The 1H NMR spectrum of calsequestrin in the calcium-free form is presented and is characteristic of a protein largely in the random coil configuration. A number of peaks in the(More)
The extracellular lipase from Penicillium camembertii has unique substrate specificity restricted to mono- and diglycerides. The enzyme is a member of a homologous family of lipases from filamentous fungi. Four of these proteins, from the fungi Rhizomucor miehei, Humicola lanuginosa, Rhizopus delemar and P. camembertii, have had their structures elucidated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Significant telomere shortening of hepatocytes is associated with replicative senescence and a non-dividing state in chronic liver disease, resulting in end stage liver failure and/or development of hepatocellular carcinoma. To prevent critical telomere shortening in hepatocytes, we have focused on oestrogen dependent transactivation of(More)
The conformation and stability of purified preparations of band 3, the anion transport protein of human erythrocyte membranes, and its constituent proteolytic subfragments have been studied by circular dichroism. Band 3, purified in the presence of the nonionic detergent n-dodecyl octaethylene glycol monoether (C12E8), had an alpha-helical content of 46%.(More)
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) was liberated from human high-density lipoprotein (HDL) without exposure to organic solvents or chaotropic salts by the action of isolated insect hemolymph lipid transfer particle (LTP). LTP-catalyzed lipid redistribution results in transformation of HDL into larger, less dense particles accompanied by an overall decrease in HDL(More)
Zn2+ binding to canine cardiac calsequestrin was investigated using the Zn2+ specific fluorescence dye salicylcarbohydrazone (SACH), 65Zn2+ overlay and Zn(2+)-IDA chromatography. Cardiac calsequestrin binds approximately 200 moles of Zn2+/mole of protein with the Kd = 300 microM. Zn2+ binding to calsequestrin was further confirmed by 65Zn2+ overlay and(More)
Reported differences in the primary structures of chicken muscle troponin C (Wilkinson, J.M. (1976) FEBS Lett. 70, 254-256) and recombinant protein deduced from a chick muscle cDNA (Reinach, F.C. and Karlsson, R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 2371-2376) have been reinvestigated. The complete amino acid sequence of turkey muscle troponin C has also been(More)
Apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) from the silkmoth, Bombyx mori, has been over-expressed in Escherichia coli, purified and characterized. Far-UV CD spectroscopic analysis revealed 65% alpha-helix secondary structure. Near-UV CD spectra obtained in buffer or complexed with dimyristoylglycerophosphocholine (DMPC), provided evidence that apoLp-III alpha-helices(More)