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In order to understand the dynamics of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) luminal environment, we investigated the role of Ca(2+), Zn(2+), and ATP on conformational changes of calreticulin. Purified calreticulin was digested with trypsin in the presence or absence of Ca(2+), Zn(2+), and ATP. At low Ca(2+) concentration (<100 micrometer), calreticulin is rapidly(More)
The extracellular lipase from Penicillium camembertii has unique substrate specificity restricted to mono- and diglycerides. The enzyme is a member of a homologous family of lipases from filamentous fungi. Four of these proteins, from the fungi Rhizomucor miehei, Humicola lanuginosa, Rhizopus delemar and P. camembertii, have had their structures elucidated(More)
The conformation and stability of purified preparations of band 3, the anion transport protein of human erythrocyte membranes, and its constituent proteolytic subfragments have been studied by circular dichroism. Band 3, purified in the presence of the nonionic detergent n-dodecyl octaethylene glycol monoether (C12E8), had an alpha-helical content of 46%.(More)
Casade Blue (CB), a fluorescent dye, was used to investigate the dynamics of interactions between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumenal chaperones including calreticulin, protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), and ERp57. PDI and ERp57 were labeled with CB, and subsequently, we show that the fluorescence intensity of the CB-conjugated proteins changes upon exposure(More)
Calsequestrin (Mr = 44,000) is a calcium-binding (KD congruent to 1 mM, congruent to 50 sites/molecule) protein found in the lumen of the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle. The 1H NMR spectrum of calsequestrin in the calcium-free form is presented and is characteristic of a protein largely in the random coil configuration. A number of peaks in the(More)
A procedure for rapid isolation of lipid transfer protein (LTP) from commercially available rabbit plasma is described. Use of protease inhibitors was important for obtaining intact, stable LTP. After lipoproteins were precipitated from the plasma by dextran sulfate, column chromatographies through Butyl-Toyopearl 650M, CM-Toyopearl 650M, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Significant telomere shortening of hepatocytes is associated with replicative senescence and a non-dividing state in chronic liver disease, resulting in end stage liver failure and/or development of hepatocellular carcinoma. To prevent critical telomere shortening in hepatocytes, we have focused on oestrogen dependent transactivation of(More)
The structural features of the native Ca2+-dependent protein modulator and two chemically modified derivatives, namely, nitrotyrosyl modulator and alkylated modulator, were examined by circular dichroism. The binding of Ca2+ to the native molecule was accompanied by an increase in helical content from 40 to 49%, with little effect on the local environments(More)
Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) has been proposed to mediate adhesive interactions during myelin development. We have used the baculovirus expression system to produce a truncated form of this molecule [soluble extracellular domain of MAG (sMAG)] consisting of the complete extracellular ectodomain. Spectroscopic studies indicate a high beta-sheet(More)