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Communication is a serious problem for patients with ventilator-dependent tetraplegia. A 73-year-old man was presented at the emergency room in cardiopulmonary arrest after falling from a height of 2 m. After successful resuscitation, fractures of the cervical spine and cervical spinal cord injury were found. Due to paralysis of the respiratory muscles, a(More)
OBJECTIVE Four-hour comparison of the bronchodilator response of albuterol administered via metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with spacer versus small-volume nebulizer (SVN) to mechanically ventilated patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN Prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING Medical intensive care unit in a university(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Accurate diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) is sometimes difficult because of accompanying central nervous system (CNS) symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of Type A AAD (TAAAD) with CNS symptoms. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 8403 patients(More)
Aims To recognize patients who require massive transfusion at the early stage of blunt trauma, we retrospectively investigated patients with high-energy blunt injuries transferred within 1 h post-trauma. Methods Between August 2007 and July 2011, 233 trauma patients were: (i) injured by a high-energy blunt mechanism with Injury Severity Score ≥9; (ii) not(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the clinical results of surgery for intra-articular calcaneal fractures using a calcaneal locking plate and a bone spreader as a reduction tool. Ten patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures were treated. An extended lateral approach was used. The reduction of the intra-articular fragments of the(More)
Aim Sarcopenia has been increasingly reported as a prognostic factor for outcome in settings such as cirrhosis, liver transplantation, and emergent surgery. We aimed to elucidate the significance of sarcopenia in severe blunt trauma patients. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 84 patients emergently admitted to the intensive care unit at Kyushu(More)
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a critical illness associated with toxin from Staphylococcus aureus. Despite recent advances in critical care, mortality remains high and additional effective therapy is required. We report an adolescent case of TSS successfully treated with direct hemoperfusion using polymyxin-B immobilized fiber (PMX-DHP). The patient with(More)
Esophageal perforation due to blunt trauma is a rare clinical condition, and the diagnosis is often difficult because patients have few specific symptoms. Delayed diagnosis may result in a fatal clinical course due to mediastinitis and subsequent sepsis. In this article, we describe a 26-year-old man with esophageal perforation due to blunt chest trauma(More)
A 73-year-old female was hit by a car, and transferred to our hospital. On examination, her consciousness was alert, but her vital signs were unstable. There are three 10-cm open wounds on her right buttock. X-rays showed an unstable pelvic ring fracture, a right femoral shaft, a right proximal tibia and a right tibial plafond fractures. One hour after the(More)
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