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Maintenance of proper "labile iron" levels is a critical component in preserving homeostasis. Iron is a vital element that is a constituent of a number of important macromolecules, including those involved in energy production, respiration, DNA synthesis, and metabolism; however, excess "labile iron" is potentially detrimental to the cell or organism or(More)
CREB (cyclic AMP response element-binding protein) is a stimulus-induced transcription factor that plays pivotal roles in cell survival and proliferation. The transactivation function of CREB is primarily regulated through Ser-133 phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) and related kinases. Here we found that homeodomain-interacting protein(More)
An effective utilization of intracellular iron is a prerequisite for erythroid differentiation and hemoglobinization. Ferritin, consisting of 24 subunits of H and L, plays a crucial role in iron homeostasis. Here, we have found that the H subunit of the ferritin gene is activated at the transcriptional level during hemin-induced differentiation of K562(More)
Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol, increases cellular antioxidant capacity by inducing the expression of a battery of cytoprotective genes through an antioxidant responsive element (ARE). However, upstream signaling events initiated by resveratrol leading to the activation of an ARE enhancer, particularly in immune cells, have not been fully elucidated. In(More)
Coordinated regulation of PI3-kinase (PI3K) and the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) plays a pivotal role in various cell functions. PTEN is deficient in many cancer cells, including Jurkat human leukemia. Here, we demonstrate that the status of PTEN determines cellular susceptibility to oxidative stress(More)
BACKGROUND Problems of coagulation disorder remain to be resolved in pig-to-primate xenotransplantation. Molecular incompatibilities in the coagulation systems between pigs and humans, such as the thrombomodulin (TM)-protein C system or direct prothrombinase activity, have been suggested as possible causes. Coagulation and complement activation are closely(More)
Gene transcription is coordinately regulated by the balance between activation and repression mechanisms in response to various external stimuli. Ferritin, composed of H and L subunits, is the major intracellular iron storage protein involved in iron homeostasis. We previously identified an enhancer, termed antioxidant-responsive element (ARE), in the human(More)
ATF1 (activating transcription factor 1), a stimulus-induced CREB family transcription factor, plays important roles in cell survival and proliferation. Phosphorylation of ATF1 at Ser63 by PKA (cAMP-dependent protein kinase) and related kinases was the only known post-translational regulatory mechanism of ATF1. Here, we found that HIPK2(More)
For long-term xenograft survival, coagulation control is one of the remaining critical issues. Our attention has been directed toward human thrombomodulin (hTM), because it is expected to exhibit the following beneficial effects on coagulation control and cytoprotection: (i) to solve the problem of molecular incompatibility in protein C activation; (ii) to(More)
BACKGROUND Although more attention has been paid recently to B-cell immunity, assay for B-cell analysis has yet to be clinically applicable because, unlike T cell, a B-cell culture system has not been well established. METHODS We attempted to develop an in vitro culture system for the proliferation and differentiation of peripheral B cells into plasma(More)