Kent R Van Sickle

Learn More
BACKGROUND The outcome of incisional and ventral hernia repair depends on surgical technique, patient, and material. Permacol™ surgical implant (crosslinked porcine collagen) has been used for over a decade; however, there are few data on outcomes. This study is the largest retrospective multinational study to date to evaluate outcomes with Permacol™(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced surgical skills such as laparoscopic suturing are difficult to learn in an operating room environment. The use of simulation within a defined skills-training curriculum is attractive for instructor, trainee, and patient. This study examined the impact of a curriculum-based approach to laparoscopic suturing and knot tying. STUDY DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Music education affects the mathematical and visuo-spatial skills of school-age children. Visuo-spatial abilities have a significant effect on laparoscopic suturing performance. We hypothesize that prior music experience influences the performance of laparoscopic suturing tasks. METHODS Thirty novices observed a laparoscopic suturing task(More)
INTRODUCTION Surgical residents have learned flexible endoscopy by practicing on patients in hospital settings under the strict guidance of experienced surgeons. Simulation is often used to "pretrain" novices on endoscopic skills before real clinical practice; nonetheless, the optimal method of training remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Reoperative bariatric surgery is required in 10 per cent to 20 per cent of patients secondary to weight regain or complications of the previous procedure. This study evaluates the feasibility of performing the revision procedure laparoscopically. A retrospective review of all patients undergoing revision of a previous weight loss procedure between October(More)
Enabling trainees to acquire advanced technical skills before they begin the operating room experience benefits both trainee and patient. Whether medical students who had received exclusively simulation-based training could perform laparoscopic suturing and knot-tying as well as senior surgery residents was determined. Simulators were used to train 11(More)
BACKGROUND We compared traditional pedagogical approaches such as time- and repetition-based methods with proficiency-based training. METHODS Laparoscopic novices were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 training conditions. In experiment 1, participants in the time condition practiced for 60 minutes, participants in the repetition condition performed 5 practice(More)
BACKGROUND The ideal objective assessment method for laparoscopic technical skills is difficult to achieve in the operating room. Recent "VR2OR" studies have used a blinded, 2-reviewer error-based video tape analysis for intraoperative performance assessment. This study examines the validity of this methodology applied to laparoscopic intracorporeal(More)
BACKGROUND Virtual reality (VR) and physical model (PM) simulators differ in terms of whether the trainee is manipulating actual 3-dimensional objects (PM) or computer-generated 3-dimensional objects (VR). Much like video games (VG), VR simulators utilize computer-generated graphics. These differences may have profound effects on the utility of VR and PM(More)
BACKGROUND Error recognition predicts technical skill. A curriculum including error recognition may improve laparoscopic suturing performance. METHODS Thirty novices were randomized into 2 groups. Each viewed an instruction videotape and underwent timed objective structured assessments of technical skills. Group A practiced the task, group B viewed an(More)