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A workshop on viral vectors for malaria vaccine development, organized by the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative, was held in Bethesda, MD on October 20, 2005. Recent advancements in viral-vectored malaria vaccine development and emerging vector technologies were presented and discussed. Classic viral vectors such as poxvirus, adenovirus and alphavirus vectors(More)
The increasing number and density of the human population, the emergence of lethal influenza strains, and the potential use of designer influenza virus as a bioweapon, collectively highlight a critical need for more rapid production of influenza vaccines and less invasive means of delivery. We have developed a nonreplicative adenovirus-vectored influenza(More)
Although a wide variety of protein profiles have been extensively constructed via proteomic analysis, the comprehensive proteomic profiling of the skin, which is considered to be the largest organ of the human body, is still far from complete. Our efforts to establish the functional skin proteome, a protein database describing the protein networks that(More)
The effectiveness of vaccination programs would be enhanced greatly through the availability of vaccines that can be administered simply and, preferably, painlessly without the need for timed booster injections. Tetanus is a prime example of a disease that is readily preventable by vaccination but remains a major threat to public health due to the problems(More)
Protective immunity against avian influenza virus was elicited in chickens by single-dose in ovo vaccination with a non-replicating human adenovirus vector encoding an H5N9 avian influenza virus hemagglutinin. Vaccinated chickens were protected against both H5N1 (89% hemagglutinin homology; 68% protection) and H5N2 (94% hemagglutinin homology; 100%(More)
Lines of experimental evidence indicate that induction of humoral immune responses in transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer disease (AD) by repeated injection of synthetic amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is effective in prevention and clearance of deposits of Abeta aggregates in the brain of the mice. We have tested a non-injection modality whereby(More)
The use of anthrax spores as a bioweapon has spurred efforts aimed at identifying key proteins expressed in Bacillus anthracis. Because spore germination and outgrowth occur prior to and are required for disease manifestations, blocking germination and early outgrowth with novel vaccines or inhibitors targeting critical B. anthracis germination and(More)
We report here that animals can be protected against lethal infection by Clostridium tetani cells and Bacillus anthracis spores following topical application of intact particles of live or gamma-irradiated Escherichia coli vectors overproducing tetanus and anthrax antigens, respectively. Cutaneous gammadeltaT cells were rapidly recruited to the(More)
Mammalian skin is regularly exposed to different environmental stresses, each of which results in specific compensatory changes in protein expression that can be assessed by proteomic analysis. We have established a reference proteome map of BALB/c murine skin allowing the resolution of greater than 500 protein spots in a single two-dimensional(More)