Kensuke Hayashi

Learn More
Microtubules in typical cells form radial arrays with their plus-ends pointing toward the cell periphery. In contrast, microtubules in dendrites of neurons are free from centrosomes and have a unique arrangement in which about half have a polarity with a minus-end distal orientation. Mechanisms for generation and maintenance of the microtubule arrangement(More)
Abstract Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) induced neurite retraction of differentiated PC12 cells; the action was observed in 15 min (a rapid response) and the activity further increased until 6 h (a long-acting response) during exposure of CSF to the cells. The CSF action was sensitive to monoglyceride lipase and diminished by homologous desensitization with(More)
Drebrin is a major actin-filament-binding protein localized in mature dendritic spines. A recent in vivo immunoelectron microscopic study suggests that drebrin content at each dendritic spine is regulated by some unknown mechanisms. In the present in vitro study, we examined whether glutamate stimulation alters drebrin content in dendritic spines. Glutamate(More)
It has been recently reported that the centrosome of neurons does not have microtubule nucleating activity. Microtubule nucleation requires γ-tubulin as well as its recruiting proteins, GCP-WD/NEDD1 and CDK5RAP2 that anchor γ-tubulin to the centrosome. Change in the localization of these proteins during in vivo development of brain, however, has not been(More)
Drebrin is localized in actin-rich regions of neuronal and non-neuronal cells. In mature neurons, its localization is strictly restricted to the postsynaptic sites. In order to understand the function of drebrin in cells, many studies have been performed to examine the effect of overexpression or knocking down of drebrin in various cell types, including(More)
Migrating neurons have leading processes that direct cell movement in response to guidance cues. We investigated the involvement of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) in the formation of leading processes and migration of neurons in vitro. We used embryonic rat medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) neurons, which are precursors of inhibitory neurons that migrate(More)
In order to understand how myogenic cells migrate in the limb bud, it is indispensable to distinguish undifferentiated myogenic cells from other mesenchymal cells. Thus, a suitable method for this purpose has been sought. A method to exchange the somites of a chicken and a quail microsurgically has widely been used, since the nuclei of the two species are(More)
Axon elongation is usually performed by the migration of growth cones that leave axons. Axon microtubules are generated by enhanced polymerization of tubulin in the growth cones. Some kinds of neurons like cerebellar granule cells, however, generate axons as a result of migration of the cell body leaving axons at the rear. The mechanism to generate(More)
The purification of drebrin, an actin-binding protein that is specifically expressed in embryonic rat brain, was described previously. During the purification of drebrin, we found that an actin-binding protein of 54 kDa was also expressed at high levels in embryonic brain, and this protein was identified by immunoblotting as fascm. To explore the roles of(More)
  • 1