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We report of a woman aged 52 years born to consanguineous parents and seeking treatment for progressive dementia and delusion. Neurologic examination revealed dementia and emotional instability, indifference, and confabulation. There was also mild spasticity of the bilateral lower limbs. MRI revealed diffuse white matter hyperintensity on T2-weighted images(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple system atrophy (MSA) has been considered a sporadic disease, without patterns of inheritance. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features of 4 multiplex families with MSA, including clinical genetic aspects. DESIGN Clinical and genetic study. SETTING Four departments of neurology in Japan. Patients Eight patients in 4 families with(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism underlying nocturnal sudden death in patients with MSA remains unclear. It may be explained by upper airway obstruction, such as vocal cord abductor paralysis; an impairment of the respiratory center, such as Cheyne-Stokes respiration; or an impaired hypoxemic ventilatory response. OBJECTIVE To investigate the mechanism of(More)
Case Report A 39-year-old, right-handed man was admitted to our hospital because of sudden onset of right hemiparesis and aphasia. His medical history included atopic dermatitis, and included no episodes of trauma. He was alert on admission; however, his speech and comprehension were impaired, and was assessed a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(More)
In multiple system atrophy (MSA), symptoms associated with dysfunctions of the brainstem and autonomic nervous system are important prognostic factors. We investigated brainstem involvement in 12 patients with MSA with predominant cerebellar symptoms (MSA-C) (mean age, 56.3 +/- 9.9 years, median disease duration, 3 years), and 11 controls (57.6 +/- 12.0(More)
To elucidate the still unclear mechanism of delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, we serially performed single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) on a 3.0T system and intelligence tests in 2 patients, while they were undergoing hyperbaric oxygenation therapy. The chronological(More)
In Japan, the national screening for the hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been started for both the general population and the high-risk groups. Our cost-effectiveness analysis was based on the result of the screening program including 99,001 people among the general population and 42,538 people among the high risk group from 2003 to 2006. The screening was(More)
Neuronal growth cones migrate directionally under the control of axon guidance molecules, thereby forming synapses in the developing brain. The signal transduction system by which a growth cone detects surrounding guidance molecules, analyzes the detected signals, and then determines the overall behavior remains undetermined. In this study, we describe a(More)
A new algorithm for tractography based on diffusion tensor analysis (DTA) is presented. This method, called EZ-tracing, is based on a new algorithm for analyzing DTA data, lambda chart analysis (LCA), and effectively overcomes the main shortcomings of previous methods for tractography. EZ-tracing is written in MATLAB scripting language (MathWorks, Natick,(More)
We report the case of a 32-year-old man presenting symptoms of parkinsonism. Neurological examination revealed parkinsonism symptoms such as akinesia and postural instability, dementia and frontal lobe signs. He was diagnosed as having human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encephalopathy. Brain MRI, 99mTc ECD-SPECT and 1H-MR spectroscopy demonstrated(More)