Kenshi Hayakawa

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A starch granule protein, SGP-1, is a starch synthase bound to starch granules in wheat endosperm. A wheat lacking SGP-1 was produced by crossing three variants each deficient in one of three SGP-1 classes, namely SGP-A1, -B1 or -D1. This deficient wheat (SGP–1 null wheat) showed some alterations in endosperm starch, meaning that SGP-1 is involved in starch(More)
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) is a major biological methyl group donor, and is used as a nutritional supplement and prescription drug. Yeast is used for the industrial production of SAM owing to its high intracellular SAM concentrations. To determine the regulation mechanisms responsible for such high SAM production, (13)C-metabolic flux analysis(More)
Corynebacterium glutamicum belongs to the mycolic acid-containing actinomycetes, which also include Mycobacterium, Nocardia, and Rhodococcus. The cells of this group possess a cell wall with a thick outer layer composed primarily of mycolic acid, which functions as a permeability barrier. To investigate the mechanism of mycolic acid-containing layer(More)
Mechanosensitive (MS) channels are expressed in a variety of cells. The molecular and biophysical mechanism involved in the regulation of MS channel activities is a central interest in basic biology. MS channels are thought to play crucial roles in gravity sensing in plant cells. To date, two mechanisms have been proposed for MS channel activation. One is(More)
Isotherms for the binding of dodecyltrimethylammonium (DTA+) and tetradecyltrimethylammonium (TTA+) ions by DNA in aqueous solution at 30 degrees C are reported. The binding isotherms were determined using a potentiometric technique with cationic surfactant-selective electrodes. The DNA concentrations used are 5 X 10(-4) and 10(-3) equiv./kg, surfactant(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae shows a Crabtree effect that produces ethanol in a high glucose concentration even under fully aerobic condition. For efficient production of cake yeast or compressed yeast for baking, ethanol by-production is not desired since glucose limited chemostat or fed-batch cultivations are performed to suppress the Crabtree effect. In this(More)
S-Adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) is a fine chemical used as a nutritional supplement and a prescription drug. It is industrially produced using Saccharomyces cerevisiae owing to its high SAM content. To investigate the optimization of culture medium components for higher SAM production, metabolome analysis was conducted to compare the intracellular metabolite(More)
Some viruses are sensitive to high pressure. The freeze-pressure generation method (FPGM) applies pressure as high as 250 MPa on a substance, simply by freezing a pressure-resistant reservoir in which the substance is immersed in water. Here we examined whether the FPGM successfully inactivates herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), an enveloped DNA virus(More)
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