Kenro Tokuhiro

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Poly D-lactic acid is an important polymer because it improves the thermostability of poly L-lactic acid by the stereo complex formation. We constructed a metabolically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae that produces D-lactic acid efficiently. In this recombinant, the coding region of pyruvate decarboxylase 1 (PDC1) was completely deleted, and two copies(More)
For mass production of lactic acid, we newly constructed a transgenic wine yeast strain that included six copies of the bovine L-lactate dehydrogenase gene on the genome. On fermentation in inexpensive cane juice-based medium, L-lactate production of this recombinant reached 122 g/liter and the optical purity was 99.9% or higher.
We developed a metabolically engineered yeast which produces lactic acid efficiently. In this recombinant strain, the coding region for pyruvate decarboxylase 1 (PDC1) on chromosome XII is substituted for that of the l-lactate dehydrogenase gene (LDH) through homologous recombination. The expression of mRNA for the genome-integrated LDH is regulated under(More)
A plant- and crop-based renewable plastic, poly-lactic acid (PLA), is receiving attention as a new material for a sustainable society in place of petroleum-based plastics. We constructed a metabolically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae that has both pyruvate decarboxylase genes (PDC1 and PDC5) disrupted in the genetic background to express two copies of(More)
Expression of a heterologous l-lactate dehydrogenase (l-ldh) gene enables production of optically pure l-lactate by yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the lactate yields with engineered yeasts are lower than those in the case of lactic acid bacteria because there is a strong tendency for ethanol to be competitively produced from pyruvate. To decrease(More)
(E, E, E)-Geranylgeraniol (GGOH) is a valuable starting material for perfumes and pharmaceutical products. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, GGOH is synthesized from the end products of the mevalonate pathway through the sequential reactions of farnesyl diphosphate synthetase (encoded by the ERG20 gene), geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (the BTS1(More)
Strong terminator regions could be used to improve metabolically engineered yeasts by increasing the target enzyme protein yields above those achieved with traditional terminator regions. We recently identified five strong terminator regions (RPL41Bt, RPL15At, DIT1t, RPL3t, and IDP1t) in a comprehensive analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The effect of(More)
We demonstrate the value of the thermotolerant yeast Issatchenkia orientalis as a candidate microorganism for bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass with the goal of consolidated bioprocessing. The I. orientalis MF-121 strain is acid tolerant, ethanol tolerant, and thermotolerant, and is thus a multistress-tolerant yeast. To express heterologous(More)
In order to enhance heterologous cellulase protein production in yeast, a plasmid harboring the endoglucanase gene from Clostridium thermocellum (Ctcel8A) was used to systematically transform a homozygous diploid yeast deletion strain collection. We identified 55 deletion strains that exhibited enhanced endoglucanase activity compared with that of the(More)
In the present study, to elucidate mechanisms of growth suppression in YIBO-pdc1/5Δ, we performed carbon metabolic flux analysis under micro-aerobic conditions. Our results indicate that growth suppression of YIBO-pdc1/5Δ is caused by decreased flux to the pentose phosphate pathway, which supplies ribose-5-phosphate, a precursor for histidine synthesis in(More)