Kenro Imaeda

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Patients with long-standing diabetes commonly develop diabetic encephalopathy, which is characterized by cognitive impairment and dementia. Oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell apoptosis is a contributing factor. Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 has recently become an attractive treatment modality for patients with diabetes. It also readily enters the brain,(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial-neutrophil adhesion is crucial for vascular injury, the major cause of diabetic vascular complications. On the other hand, platelet aggregation inhibitors, frequently used for diabetic patients with intermittent claudication, have been shown to decrease the incidence of atherosclerosis-mediated diseases (acute myocardial infarction and(More)
1. Using the conventional whole-cell clamp method, the electrical responses of individual smooth muscle and endothelial cells to acetylcholine (ACh) were observed in multicellular preparations where the two types of cells remained in close apposition. 2. In both types of cells, ACh induced similar hyperpolarizing responses which, when recorded in current(More)
Membrane responses were recorded from isolated gastric smooth muscle of Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats, using microelectrode techniques. At the age of 68-76 weeks, the blood sugar level was 181 mg/dl in LETO rats and 350 mg/dL in OLETF rats. In both rats, the membrane potential was stable in fundus(More)
Ascites caused by hypothyroidism is rare and the pathogenesis is unclear. Several reports have presented cases of progressive ascites with hypothyroidism and elevated tumor markers. We report a 31-year-old female case with massive ascites and elevated serum CA 125 concentrations. The patient had no typical feature of hypothyroidism except an accumulation of(More)
Inhibitory neurotransmission in guinea pig lower esophageal sphincter (LES) muscles was investigated by using electrophysiological methods. Transmural nerve stimulation (TNS) initiated an inhibitory junction potential (i.j.p.); the amplitude increased 35% by atropine (10(-6) M) and converted to a muscarinic excitatory junction potential (e.j.p.) by apamin(More)
AIM Patients with long-standing diabetes commonly develop diabetic encephalopathy, which is characterized by cognitive impairment and dementia. To identify potential treatments for diabetic encephalopathy, we focused on the protective action of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) against neural cell apoptosis. In this study, we evaluated whether exposure of(More)
Neutrophil-endothelial adhesion is a crucial step in vascular inflammation, which is recognized as the direct cause of atherosclerosis-mediated serious diseases. We demonstrated previously that high glucose increased adhesion in a protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent manner within 48 h through increasing surface expression of endothelial adhesion molecules. On(More)
1. The effects of inhibition of acetylcholine (ACh)-induced hyperpolarization on dilatation of submucosal arterioles were investigated in the guinea-pig ileum. 2. In smooth muscles of the arterioles depolarized by Ba(2+) (0.5 mM) to about -40 mV, ACh (3 microM) repolarized the membrane to about -65 mV (hyperpolarization), irrespective of the absence or(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported that endothelial cells cultured in the presence of high concentrations of glucose (27.8 and 55.5 mM) exhibited enhanced neutrophil adhesion through increased expression of endothelial adhesion molecules via the activation of a protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent pathway. We also found that the aldose reductase inhibitor,(More)