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Cumulative cultural evolution in the laboratory: An experimental approach to the origins of structure in human language
- S. Kirby, H. Cornish, Kenny Smith
- Computer ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 5 August 2008
The first experimental validation for the idea that cultural transmission can lead to the appearance of design without a designer is provided, which shows that languages transmitted culturally evolve in such a way as to maximize their own transmissibility.
Compression and communication in the cultural evolution of linguistic structure
Iterated Learning: A Framework for the Emergence of Language
Two models are presented, based upon the iterated learning framework, which show that the poverty of the stimulus available to language learners leads to the emergence of linguistic structure.
Cross-Situational Learning: An Experimental Study of Word-Learning Mechanisms
Experimental evidence showing that humans learn words effectively using cross-situational learning, even at high levels of referential uncertainty is presented, and it is suggested that these two ways of exploiting cross-Situational information reside on a continuum of learning strategies, underpinned by a single simple associative learning mechanism.
Complex Systems in Language Evolution: the Cultural Emergence of Compositional Structure
This work presents an Iterated Learning Model of the emergence of compositionality, a fundamental structural property of language, and shows that the poverty of the stimulus available to language learners leads to a pressure for linguistic structure.
Eliminating unpredictable variation through iterated learning
Language as an evolutionary system
The evolution of vocabulary.
- Kenny Smith
- LinguisticsJournal of theoretical biology
- 7 May 2004
Iterated learning in populations of Bayesian agents
- Kenny Smith
It is shown here that a variant of Griffiths & Kalish’s model (such that learners learn from the linguistic behaviour of multiple individuals, rather than a single individual) changes this transparent relationship between learning bias and typology, and potentially has profound implications for the understanding of the link between the human language learning apparatus and the dis- tribution of languages in the world.
The cultural evolution of communication in a population of neural networks
- Kenny Smith
- PsychologyConnect. Sci.
- 1 March 2002
Investigations reveal that an innate endowment consisting of an ability to read the communicative intentions of others and a bias towards acquiring one-to-one mappings between meanings and signals results in the emergence, through purely cultural processes, of optimal communication.