Kenny L De Meirleir

Learn More
The label 'chronic fatigue syndrome' (CFS) has persisted for many years because of the lack of knowledge of the aetiological agents and the disease process. In view of more recent research and clinical experience that strongly point to widespread inflammation and multisystemic neuropathology, it is more appropriate and correct to use the term 'myalgic(More)
Previous research has suggested that human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) may integrate into host cell chromosomes and be vertically transmitted in the germ line, but the evidence--primarily fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)--is indirect. We sought, first, to definitively test these two hypotheses. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated(More)
In the present study we use the in vivo microdialysis sampling technique to register extracellular levels of neurotransmitters in the striatum of trained and untrained rats. We further evaluate the influence of 1 h of exercise on the striatal release of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), glutamate (GLU) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in trained and(More)
Human intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the maintenance of host health by providing energy, nutrients, and immunological protection. Intestinal dysfunction is a frequent complaint in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) patients, and previous reports suggest that dysbiosis, i.e. the overgrowth of abnormal populations of(More)
To study the in vivo recruitment of different fiber types and their metabolic properties, 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-NMRS) of the human calf muscle was performed in seven normal sedentary subjects. In the exhaustive exercise protocol used, the work load was increased every minute during 5 min. This resulted in a prominent split of the(More)
We investigated the relationship between energy-rich phosphate content and muscle fiber-type composition in human skeletal muscle using a combination of 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), histochemical, and biochemical analyses of muscle biopsies. Localized 31P spectra were collected simultaneously from the predominantly slow-twitch soleus(More)
Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are affected by symptoms of cognitive dysfunction and neurological impairment, the cause of which has yet to be elucidated. However, these symptoms are strikingly similar to those of patients presented with D-lactic acidosis. A significant increase of Gram positive facultative anaerobic faecal microorganisms in(More)
Physical exercise influences the central dopaminergic, noradrenergic and serotonergic systems. A number of studies have examined brain noradrenaline (norepinephrine), serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) and dopamine with exercise. Although there are great discrepancies in experimental protocols, the results indicate that there is evidence in favour of(More)
The present microdialysis study has examined whether exercise-elicited increases in brain tryptophan availability (and in turn 5-HT synthesis) alter 5-HT release in the hippocampus of food-deprived rats. To this end, we compared the respective effects of acute exercise, administration of tryptophan, and the combination of both treatments, upon extracellular(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate aspects of the validity of the total scores of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), Dutch Version, which was modified to make it an appropriate questionnaire for the assessment of kinesiophobia (fear of movement) in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients (the Dutch TSK-CFS), and, using this assessment tool, to examine the(More)