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The label 'chronic fatigue syndrome' (CFS) has persisted for many years because of the lack of knowledge of the aetiological agents and the disease process. In view of more recent research and clinical experience that strongly point to widespread inflammation and multisystemic neuropathology, it is more appropriate and correct to use the term 'myalgic(More)
During the last 5 to 10 years, the microdialysis technique has been used to explore neurotransmitter release during exercise. Microdialysis can collect virtually any substance from the brains of freely moving animals with a limited amount of tissue trauma. It allows the measurement of local neurotransmitter release in combination with ongoing behavioural(More)
Physical exercise influences the central dopaminergic, noradrenergic and serotonergic systems. A number of studies have examined brain noradrenaline (norepinephrine), serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) and dopamine with exercise. Although there are great discrepancies in experimental protocols, the results indicate that there is evidence in favour of(More)
In the present study we use the in vivo microdialysis sampling technique to register extracellular levels of neurotransmitters in the striatum of trained and untrained rats. We further evaluate the influence of 1 h of exercise on the striatal release of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), glutamate (GLU) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in trained and(More)
An explorative analysis of the relationship between symptomatology and cerebral blood flow in the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) as assessed with 99mTc HMPAO SPECT scan reveals statistically significant positive correlations between frontal blood flow on the one hand and objectively and subjectively assessed cognitive impairment, self-rating of physical(More)
A structured psychiatric interview, forming part of a global psychopathological approach, revealed higher prevalence rates of current and lifetime psychiatric disorders and a higher degree of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) than in a medical control group. In contrast to previous studies, a very high prevalence of(More)
The present microdialysis study has examined whether exercise-elicited increases in brain tryptophan availability (and in turn 5-HT synthesis) alter 5-HT release in the hippocampus of food-deprived rats. To this end, we compared the respective effects of acute exercise, administration of tryptophan, and the combination of both treatments, upon extracellular(More)
Previous research has suggested that human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) may integrate into host cell chromosomes and be vertically transmitted in the germ line, but the evidence--primarily fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)--is indirect. We sought, first, to definitively test these two hypotheses. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated(More)
Polysomnographic findings were compared between a group of patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS; n = 49) and a matched healthy control (HC) group (n = 20). Sleep initiation and sleep maintenance disturbances were observed in the CFS group. The percentage of stage 4 was significantly lower in the CFS group. A discriminant analysis allowed a high(More)
Problem statement: Several investigators have indicated that case definitions for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) are characterized by vaguely worded criteria that lack operational definitions and guidelines. The most widely used CFS case definition is the Fukuda et al. criteria, which uses polythetic criteria (i.e., patients are only required to have four(More)