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BACKGROUND The prevalence and correlates of CXCR4-use in recently diagnosed patients and the impact of X4/DM transmission remain largely unknown. METHOD Genotypic coreceptor use determination on the baseline sample of 539 recently diagnosed individuals. Correlation of coreceptor use with clinical, viral and epidemiological data and with information on(More)
Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is increasing in resource-limited settings (RLS) and can successfully reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality. However, virologic failure and development of viral drug resistance can result in reduced treatment options and disease progression. Additionally, transmission of resistant virus, and particularly(More)
Due to high cost, availability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) drug resistance testing in resource-poor settings is still limited. We therefore evaluated the usefulness of viral DNA extracted from either whole blood or dried blood spots (DBS). Samples were collected from 50 patients receiving therapy and 10 therapy-naïve patients.(More)
The effects of food ingestion on the absorption of timegadine, a recently synthesised non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, was studied in ten healthy volunteers. It was found that food enhanced the absorption of timegadine as shown by increased peak plasma concentrations (Cmax), decreased time taken to achieve these concentrations (tmax), and increased(More)
This study of the oropharyngeal microbiome complements the previously published AZIthromycin in Severe ASThma (AZISAST) clinical trial, where the use of azithromycin was assessed in subjects with exacerbation-prone severe asthma. Here, we determined the composition of the oropharyngeal microbial community by means of deep sequencing of the amplified 16S(More)
OBJECTIVE Bevirimat is the first drug of a new class of antivirals that hamper the maturation of HIV. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sequence variability of the gag region targeted by bevirimat in HIV subtype-B isolates. METHODS Of 484 HIV subtype-B isolates, the gag region comprising amino acids 357-382 was sequenced. Of the patients(More)
BACKGROUND Determination of HIV-1 co-receptor use is a necessity before initiation of a CCR5 antagonist but the longevity of a CCR5-use prediction remains unknown. METHODS Genotypic co-receptor tropism determination was performed in 225 newly diagnosed individuals consulting an AIDS Reference Centre. Samples were collected at diagnosis and at initiation(More)
BACKGROUND Non-B subtypes account for at least 50 % of HIV-1 infections diagnosed in Belgium and Luxembourg. They are considered to be acquired through heterosexual contacts and infect primarily individuals of foreign origin. Information on the extent to which non-B subtypes spread to the local population is incomplete. METHODS Pol and env gene sequences(More)
A cluster of four patients acutely infected with a genetically almost identical virus, allowed us to investigate genetic variability and disease progression in early HIV-1 infection with minimal interference of virus specific factors. Two of the patients were heterozygous for the 32-bp deletion in the CCR5 coreceptor gene. Both showed a slower disease(More)
HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) may present low-level viremia (LLV) above the detection level of current viral load assays. In many cases LLV is persistent but does not result in overt treatment failure or selection of drug resistant viral variants. To elucidate whether LLV reflects active virus replication, we extensively sequenced(More)